mprobe

SYNOPSIS
       #include <mcheck.h>

       int mcheck(void (*abortfunc)(enum mcheck_status mstatus));

       int mcheck_pedantic(void (*abortfunc)(enum mcheck_status mstatus));

       void mcheck_check_all(void);

       enum mcheck_status mprobe(void *ptr);

DESCRIPTION
       The mcheck() function installs a set of debugging hooks  for  the  mal-
       loc(3)  family  of memory-allocation functions.  These hooks cause cer-
       tain consistency checks to be performed on the state of the heap.   The
       checks  can detect application errors such as freeing a block of memory
       more than once or corrupting the bookkeeping data structures that imme-
       diately precede a block of allocated memory.

       To  be effective, the mcheck() function must be called before the first
       call to malloc(3) or a related function.  In cases where this is diffi-
       cult  to  ensure, linking the program with -lmcheck inserts an implicit
       call to mcheck() (with a NULL argument) before the first call to a mem-
       ory-allocation function.

       The  mcheck_pedantic()  function  is  similar to mcheck(), but performs
       checks on all allocated blocks whenever one  of  the  memory-allocation
       functions is called.  This can be very slow!

       The  mcheck_check_all() function causes an immediate check on all allo-
       cated blocks.  This call  is  effective  only  if  mcheck()  is  called
       beforehand.

       If the system detects an inconsistency in the heap, the caller-supplied
       function pointed to by abortfunc is  invoked  with  a  single  argument
       argument,  mstatus,  that  indicates  what  type  of  inconsistency was
       detected.  If abortfunc is NULL, a default  function  prints  an  error
       message on stderr and calls abort(3).

       The  mprobe()  function  performs  a  consistency check on the block of
       allocated memory pointed to by ptr.  The mcheck()  function  should  be
       called beforehand (otherwise mprobe() returns MCHECK_DISABLED).

       The  following list describes the values returned by mprobe() or passed
       as the mstatus argument when abortfunc is invoked:

       MCHECK_DISABLED (mprobe() only)
              mcheck() was not called before the first memory allocation func-
              tion was called.  Consistency checking is not possible.

       MCHECK_OK (mprobe() only)
              No inconsistency detected.

       MCHECK_HEAD
       The  mcheck_pedantic()  and  mcheck_check_all() functions are available
       since glibc 2.2.  The mcheck() and mprobe() functions are present since
       at least glibc 2.0

ATTRIBUTES
       For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see
       attributes(7).

       +-----------------------------+---------------+-----------------------+
       |Interface                    | Attribute     | Value                 |
       +-----------------------------+---------------+-----------------------+
       |mcheck(), mcheck_pedantic(), | Thread safety | MT-Unsafe race:mcheck |
       |mcheck_check_all(), mprobe() |               | const:malloc_hooks    |
       +-----------------------------+---------------+-----------------------+

CONFORMING TO
       These functions are GNU extensions.

NOTES
       Linking a program with -lmcheck and using the MALLOC_CHECK_ environment
       variable (described in mallopt(3)) cause the same kinds of errors to be
       detected.  But, using MALLOC_CHECK_ does not require the application to
       be relinked.

EXAMPLE
       The  program  below  calls mcheck() with a NULL argument and then frees
       the same block of memory twice.  The  following  shell  session  demon-
       strates what happens when running the program:

           $ ./a.out
           About to free

           About to free a second time
           block freed twice
           Aborted (core dumped)

   Program source

       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <mcheck.h>

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           char *p;

           if (mcheck(NULL) != 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "mcheck() failed\n");

               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           p = malloc(1000);

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                               2015-05-07                         MCHECK(3)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2019 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.