getservbyport_r

SYNOPSIS
       #include <netdb.h>

       int getservent_r(struct servent *result_buf, char *buf,
                       size_t buflen, struct servent **result);

       int getservbyname_r(const char *name, const char *proto,
                       struct servent *result_buf, char *buf,
                       size_t buflen, struct servent **result);

       int getservbyport_r(int port, const char *proto,
                       struct servent *result_buf, char *buf,
                       size_t buflen, struct servent **result);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getservent_r(), getservbyname_r(), getservbyport_r():
           _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The getservent_r(), getservbyname_r(), and getservbyport_r()  functions
       are  the  reentrant  equivalents  of, respectively, getservent(3), get-
       servbyname(3), and getservbyport(3).  They differ in the way  that  the
       servent  structure  is  returned, and in the function calling signature
       and return value.  This manual page describes just the differences from
       the nonreentrant functions.

       Instead of returning a pointer to a statically allocated servent struc-
       ture as the function result, these functions copy  the  structure  into
       the location pointed to by result_buf.

       The  buf  array  is  used  to store the string fields pointed to by the
       returned servent structure.  (The nonreentrant functions allocate these
       strings  in  static  storage.)   The size of this array is specified in
       buflen.  If buf is too small, the call fails with the error ERANGE, and
       the  caller  must  try again with a larger buffer.  (A buffer of length
       1024 bytes should be sufficient for most applications.)

       If the function  call  successfully  obtains  a  service  record,  then
       *result  is  set  pointing  to result_buf; otherwise, *result is set to
       NULL.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return 0.  On error, they return one of the
       positive error numbers listed in errors.

       On  error,  record not found (getservbyname_r(), getservbyport_r()), or
       end of input (getservent_r()) result is set to NULL.

ERRORS
       ENOENT (getservent_r()) No more records in database.

       ERANGE buf is too small.  Try again with a larger buffer (and increased
              buflen).

CONFORMING TO
       These functions are GNU extensions.  Functions with similar names exist
       on  some  other systems, though typically with different calling signa-
       tures.

EXAMPLE
       The program below uses getservbyport_r() to retrieve the service record
       for the port and protocol named in its first command-line argument.  If
       a third (integer) command-line argument is supplied, it is used as  the
       initial  value  for  buflen;  if getservbyport_r() fails with the error
       ERANGE, the program retries with larger buffer  sizes.   The  following
       shell session shows a couple of sample runs:

           $ ./a.out 7 tcp 1
           ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer
           getservbyport_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=87)
           s_name=echo; s_proto=tcp; s_port=7; aliases=
           $ ./a.out 77777 tcp
           getservbyport_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=1024)
           Call failed/record not found

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <ctype.h>
       #include <netdb.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <errno.h>
       #include <string.h>

       #define MAX_BUF 10000

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           int buflen, erange_cnt, port, s;
           struct servent result_buf;
           struct servent *result;
           char buf[MAX_BUF];
           char *protop;
           char **p;

           if (argc < 3) {
               printf("Usage: %s port-num proto-name [buflen]\n", argv[0]);
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           port = htons(atoi(argv[1]));
           protop = (strcmp(argv[2], "null") == 0 ||
                     strcmp(argv[2], "NULL") == 0) ?  NULL : argv[2];

           buflen = 1024;
               if (s == ERANGE) {
                   if (erange_cnt == 0)
                       printf("ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer\n");
                   erange_cnt++;

                   /* Increment a byte at a time so we can see exactly
                      what size buffer was required */

                   buflen++;

                   if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
                       printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);
                       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                   }
               }
           } while (s == ERANGE);

           printf("getservbyport_r() returned: %s  (buflen=%d)\n",
                   (s == 0) ? "0 (success)" : (s == ENOENT) ? "ENOENT" :
                   strerror(s), buflen);

           if (s != 0 || result == NULL) {
               printf("Call failed/record not found\n");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           printf("s_name=%s; s_proto=%s; s_port=%d; aliases=",
                       result_buf.s_name, result_buf.s_proto,
                       ntohs(result_buf.s_port));
           for (p = result_buf.s_aliases; *p != NULL; p++)
               printf("%s ", *p);
           printf("\n");

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       getservent(3), services(5)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                               2015-07-23                   GETSERVENT_R(3)
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