getservbyport_r

       (reentrant)

SYNOPSIS
       #include <netdb.h>

       int getservent_r(struct servent *result_buf, char *buf,
                       size_t buflen, struct servent **result);

       int getservbyname_r(const char *name, const char *proto,
                       struct servent *result_buf, char *buf,
                       size_t buflen, struct servent **result);

       int getservbyport_r(int port, const char *proto,
                       struct servent *result_buf, char *buf,
                       size_t buflen, struct servent **result);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       getservent_r(), getservbyname_r(), getservbyport_r():
           _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       The getservent_r(), getservbyname_r(), and getservbyport_r()  functions
       are  the  reentrant  equivalents  of, respectively, getservent(3), get-
       servbyname(3), and getservbyport(3).  They differ in the way  that  the
       servent  structure  is  returned, and in the function calling signature
       and return value.  This manual page describes just the differences from
       the nonreentrant functions.

       Instead of returning a pointer to a statically allocated servent struc-
       ture as the function result, these functions copy  the  structure  into
       the location pointed to by result_buf.

       The  buf  array  is  used  to store the string fields pointed to by the
       returned servent structure.  (The nonreentrant functions allocate these
       strings  in  static  storage.)   The size of this array is specified in
       buflen.  If buf is too small, the call fails with the error ERANGE, and
       the  caller  must  try again with a larger buffer.  (A buffer of length
       1024 bytes should be sufficient for most applications.)

       If the function  call  successfully  obtains  a  service  record,  then
       *result  is  set  pointing  to result_buf; otherwise, *result is set to
       NULL.

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return 0.  On error, they return one of the
       positive error numbers listed in errors.

       On  error,  record not found (getservbyname_r(), getservbyport_r()), or
       end of input (getservent_r()) result is set to NULL.

ERRORS
       ENOENT (getservent_r()) No more records in database.

       initial value for buflen; if getservbyport_r()  fails  with  the  error
       ERANGE,  the  program  retries with larger buffer sizes.  The following
       shell session shows a couple of sample runs:

           $ ./a.out 7 tcp 1
           ERANGE! Retrying with larger buffer
           getservbyport_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=87)
           s_name=echo; s_proto=tcp; s_port=7; aliases=
           $ ./a.out 77777 tcp
           getservbyport_r() returned: 0 (success)  (buflen=1024)
           Call failed/record not found

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <ctype.h>
       #include <netdb.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <errno.h>
       #include <string.h>

       #define MAX_BUF 10000

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           int buflen, erange_cnt, port, s;
           struct servent result_buf;
           struct servent *result;
           char buf[MAX_BUF];
           char *protop;
           char **p;

           if (argc < 3) {
               printf("Usage: %s port-num proto-name [buflen]\n", argv[0]);
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           port = htons(atoi(argv[1]));
           protop = (strcmp(argv[2], "null") == 0 ||
                  strcmp(argv[2], "NULL") == 0) ?  NULL : argv[2];

           buflen = 1024;
           if (argc > 3)
               buflen = atoi(argv[3]);

           if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
               printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           erange_cnt = 0;
           do {
                   if (buflen > MAX_BUF) {
                       printf("Exceeded buffer limit (%d)\n", MAX_BUF);
                       exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
                   }
               }
           } while (s == ERANGE);

           printf("getservbyport_r() returned: %s  (buflen=%d)\n",
                   (s == 0) ? "0 (success)" : (s == ENOENT) ? "ENOENT" :
                   strerror(s), buflen);

           if (s != 0 || result == NULL) {
               printf("Call failed/record not found\n");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           printf("s_name=%s; s_proto=%s; s_port=%d; aliases=",
                       result_buf.s_name, result_buf.s_proto,
                       ntohs(result_buf.s_port));
           for (p = result_buf.s_aliases; *p != NULL; p++)
               printf("%s ", *p);
           printf("\n");

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       getservent(3), services(5)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



GNU                               2010-09-10                   GETSERVENT_R(3)
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