network group entries

       #include <netdb.h>

       int setnetgrent(const char *netgroup);

       void endnetgrent(void);

       int getnetgrent(char **host, char **user, char **domain);

       int getnetgrent_r(char **host, char **user,
                         char **domain, char *buf, int buflen);

       int innetgr(const char *netgroup, const char *host,
                   const char *user, const char *domain);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       setnetgrent(), endnetgrent(), getnetgrent(), getnetgrent_r(),
       innetgr(): _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

       The  netgroup  is  a SunOS invention.  A netgroup database is a list of
       string triples  (hostname,  username,  domainname)  or  other  netgroup
       names.   Any of the elements in a triple can be empty, which means that
       anything matches.  The functions described here  allow  access  to  the
       netgroup  databases.  The file /etc/nsswitch.conf defines what database
       is searched.

       The setnetgrent() call defines the netgroup that will  be  searched  by
       subsequent  getnetgrent()  calls.  The getnetgrent() function retrieves
       the next netgroup entry, and returns pointers in host, user, domain.  A
       NULL  pointer  means  that  the corresponding entry matches any string.
       The pointers are valid only as long as there is no call to  other  net-
       group-related  functions.   To  avoid  this problem you can use the GNU
       function getnetgrent_r() that stores the strings in the  supplied  buf-
       fer.  To free all allocated buffers use endnetgrent().

       In  most  cases  you  only want to check if the triplet (hostname,user-
       name,domainname) is a member of a netgroup.  The function innetgr() can
       be  used  for this without calling the above three functions.  Again, a
       NULL pointer is a wildcard and matches any  string.   The  function  is

       These functions return 1 on success and 0 for failure.


       These  functions  are  not  in POSIX.1-2001, but setnetgrent(), endnet-
       be found at

GNU                               2007-07-26                    SETNETGRENT(3)
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