wide-character output conversion
int wprintf(const wchar_t *format, ...);
int fwprintf(FILE *stream, const wchar_t *format, ...);
int swprintf(wchar_t *wcs, size_t maxlen,
const wchar_t *format, ...);
int vwprintf(const wchar_t *format, va_list args);
int vfwprintf(FILE *stream, const wchar_t *format, va_list args);
int vswprintf(wchar_t *wcs, size_t maxlen,
const wchar_t *format, va_list args);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
All functions shown above:
_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 || _ISOC99_SOURCE ||
_ISOC95_SOURCE /* Since glibc 2.12 */ ||
_POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
The wprintf() family of functions is the wide-character equivalent of
the printf(3) family of functions. It performs formatted output of
The wprintf() and vwprintf() functions perform wide-character output to
stdout. stdout must not be byte oriented; see fwide(3) for more infor-
The fwprintf() and vfwprintf() functions perform wide-character output
to stream. stream must not be byte oriented; see fwide(3) for more
The swprintf() and vswprintf() functions perform wide-character output
to an array of wide characters. The programmer must ensure that there
is room for at least maxlen wide characters at wcs.
These functions are like the printf(3), vprintf(3), fprintf(3),
vfprintf(3), sprintf(3), vsprintf(3) functions except for the following
o The format string is a wide-character string.
o The output consists of wide characters, not bytes.
o swprintf() and vswprintf() take a maxlen argument, sprintf(3)
and vsprintf(3) do not. (snprintf(3) and vsnprintf(3) take a
maxlen argument, but these functions do not return -1 upon buf-
fer overflow on Linux.)
function with a conversion state starting in the initial state
before the first byte). The resulting wide characters are writ-
ten up to (but not including) the terminating null wide charac-
ter. If a precision is specified, no more wide characters than
the number specified are written. Note that the precision
determines the number of wide characters written, not the number
of bytes or screen positions. The array must contain a termi-
nating null byte, unless a precision is given and it is so small
that the number of converted wide characters reaches it before
the end of the array is reached. If an l modifier is present:
The const wchar_t * argument is expected to be a pointer to an
array of wide characters. Wide characters from the array are
written up to (but not including) a terminating null wide char-
acter. If a precision is specified, no more than the number
specified are written. The array must contain a terminating
null wide character, unless a precision is given and it is
smaller than or equal to the number of wide characters in the
The functions return the number of wide characters written, excluding
the terminating null wide character in case of the functions swprintf()
and vswprintf(). They return -1 when an error occurs.
The behavior of wprintf() et al. depends on the LC_CTYPE category of
the current locale.
If the format string contains non-ASCII wide characters, the program
will only work correctly if the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale
at run time is the same as the LC_CTYPE category of the current locale
at compile time. This is because the wchar_t representation is plat-
form- and locale-dependent. (The glibc represents wide characters
using their Unicode (ISO-10646) code point, but other platforms don't
do this. Also, the use of C99 universal character names of the form
\unnnn does not solve this problem.) Therefore, in internationalized
programs, the format string should consist of ASCII wide characters
only, or should be constructed at run time in an internationalized way
(e.g., using gettext(3) or iconv(3), followed by mbstowcs(3)).
fprintf(3), fputwc(3), fwide(3), printf(3), snprintf(3).
This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project. A
description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.
GNU 2011-09-17 WPRINTF(3)
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