experimental(3perl)    Perl Programmers Reference Guide    experimental(3perl)

       experimental - Experimental features made easy

       version 0.020

        use experimental 'lexical_subs', 'smartmatch';
        my sub foo { $_[0] ~~ 1 }

       This pragma provides an easy and convenient way to enable or disable
       experimental features.

       Every version of perl has some number of features present but
       considered "experimental."  For much of the life of Perl 5, this was
       only a designation found in the documentation.  Starting in Perl
       v5.10.0, and more aggressively in v5.18.0, experimental features were
       placed behind pragmata used to enable the feature and disable
       associated warnings.

       The "experimental" pragma exists to combine the required incantations
       into a single interface stable across releases of perl.  For every
       experimental feature, this should enable the feature and silence
       warnings for the enclosing lexical scope:

         use experimental 'feature-name';

       To disable the feature and, if applicable, re-enable any warnings, use:

         no experimental 'feature-name';

       The supported features, documented further below, are:

       o   "array_base" - allow the use of $[ to change the starting index of

           This is supported on all versions of perl.

       o   "autoderef" - allow push, each, keys, and other built-ins on

           This was added in perl 5.14.0 and removed in perl 5.23.1.

       o   "bitwise" - allow the new stringwise bit operators

           This was added in perl 5.22.0.

       o   "const_attr" - allow the :const attribute on subs

           This was added in perl 5.22.0.

       o   "lexical_topic" - allow the use of lexical $_ via "my $_".

           This was added in perl 5.10.0 and removed in perl 5.23.4.

       o   "lexical_subs" - allow the use of lexical subroutines.

           This was added in 5.18.0.

       o   "postderef" - allow the use of postfix dereferencing expressions,
           including in interpolating strings

           This was added in perl 5.20.0.

       o   "re_strict" - enables strict mode in regular expressions

           This was added in perl 5.22.0.

       o   "refaliasing" - allow aliasing via "\$x = \$y"

           This was added in perl 5.22.0.

       o   "regex_sets" - allow extended bracketed character classes in

           This was added in perl 5.18.0.

       o   "signatures" - allow subroutine signatures (for named arguments)

           This was added in perl 5.20.0.

       o   "smartmatch" - allow the use of "~~"

           This was added in perl 5.10.0, but it should be noted there are
           significant incompatibilities between 5.10.0 and 5.10.1.

       o   "switch" - allow the use of "~~", given, and when

           This was added in perl 5.10.0.

       o   "win32_perlio" - allows the use of the :win32 IO layer.

           This was added on perl 5.22.0.

   Ordering matters
       Using this pragma to 'enable an experimental feature' is another way of
       saying that this pragma will disable the warnings which would result
       from using that feature.  Therefore, the order in which pragmas are
       applied is important.  In particular, you probably want to enable
       experimental features after you enable warnings:

         use warnings;
         use experimental 'smartmatch';

       You also need to take care with modules that enable warnings for you.
       A common example being Moose.  In this example, warnings for the
       'smartmatch' feature are first turned on by the warnings pragma, off by
       the experimental pragma and back on again by the Moose module (fix is
       to switch the last two lines):

         use warnings;
         use experimental 'smartmatch';
         use Moose;

       Because of the nature of the features it enables, forward compatibility
       can not be guaranteed in any way.

       perlexperimental contains more information about experimental features.

       Leon Timmermans <leont@cpan.org>

       This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Leon Timmermans.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
       the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

perl v5.30.0                      2023-11-23               experimental(3perl)
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