erfcf

ERFC(3)                    Linux Programmer's Manual                   ERFC(3)

NAME
       erfc, erfcf, erfcl - complementary error function

SYNOPSIS
       #include <math.h>

       double erfc(double x);
       float erfcf(float x);
       long double erfcl(long double x);

       Link with -lm.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       erfc():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L || _XOPEN_SOURCE
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE
       erfcf(), erfcl():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       These  functions return the complementary error function of x, that is,
       1.0 - erf(x).

RETURN VALUE
       On success, these functions return the complementary error function  of
       x, a value in the range [0,2].

       If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

       If x is +0 or -0, 1 is returned.

       If x is positive infinity, +0 is returned.

       If x is negative infinity, +2 is returned.

       If  the  function  result  underflows  and  produces an unrepresentable
       value, the return value is 0.0.

       If the function result underflows but produces a  representable  (i.e.,
       subnormal) value, that value is returned, and a range error occurs.

ERRORS
       See  math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error
       has occurred when calling these functions.

       The following errors can occur:

       Range error: result underflow (result is subnormal)
              An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

       These functions do not set errno.

ATTRIBUTES
       For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
       attributes(7).

       +-------------------------+---------------+---------+
       |Interface                | Attribute     | Value   |
       +-------------------------+---------------+---------+
       |erfc(), erfcf(), erfcl() | Thread safety | MT-Safe |
       +-------------------------+---------------+---------+
CONFORMING TO
       C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

       The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD.

NOTES
       The  erfc(),  erfcf(),  and erfcl() functions are provided to avoid the
       loss accuracy that would occur for the calculation 1-erf(x)  for  large
       values of x (for which the value of erf(x) approaches 1).

SEE ALSO
       cerf(3), erf(3), exp(3)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                               2017-09-15                           ERFC(3)
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