atexit

       #include <stdlib.h>

       int atexit(void (*function)(void));

DESCRIPTION
       The atexit() function registers the given function to be called at nor-
       mal process termination, either via exit(3) or via return from the pro-
       gram's main().  Functions so registered are called in the reverse order
       of their registration; no arguments are passed.

       The same function may be registered multiple times: it is  called  once
       for each registration.

       POSIX.1  requires that an implementation allow at least ATEXIT_MAX (32)
       such functions to be registered.  The  actual  limit  supported  by  an
       implementation can be obtained using sysconf(3).

       When  a child process is created via fork(2), it inherits copies of its
       parent's registrations.  Upon a successful call to one of  the  exec(3)
       functions, all registrations are removed.

RETURN VALUE
       The  atexit()  function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise it
       returns a nonzero value.

ATTRIBUTES
       For  an  explanation  of  the  terms  used   in   this   section,   see
       attributes(7).

       +----------+---------------+---------+
       |Interface | Attribute     | Value   |
       +----------+---------------+---------+
       |atexit()  | Thread safety | MT-Safe |
       +----------+---------------+---------+

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

NOTES
       Functions  registered using atexit() (and on_exit(3)) are not called if
       a process terminates abnormally because of the delivery of a signal.

       If one of the functions registered functions calls _exit(2),  then  any
       remaining  functions are not invoked, and the other process termination
       steps performed by exit(3) are not performed.

       POSIX.1 says that the result of calling exit(3) more than  once  (i.e.,
       calling  exit(3)  within a function registered using atexit()) is unde-
       fined.  On some systems (but not Linux), this can result in an infinite
       recursion;  portable  programs should not invoke exit(3) inside a func-
       tion registered using atexit().

       The atexit() and on_exit(3) functions register functions  on  the  same
       list:  at  normal  process  termination,  the  registered functions are
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <unistd.h>

       void
       bye(void)
       {
           printf("That was all, folks\n");
       }

       int
       main(void)
       {
           long a;
           int i;

           a = sysconf(_SC_ATEXIT_MAX);
           printf("ATEXIT_MAX = %ld\n", a);

           i = atexit(bye);
           if (i != 0) {
               fprintf(stderr, "cannot set exit function\n");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       _exit(2), dlopen(3), exit(3), on_exit(3)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2015-08-08                         ATEXIT(3)
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