assert

ASSERT(3)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 ASSERT(3)

NAME
       assert - abort the program if assertion is false

SYNOPSIS
       #include <assert.h>

       void assert(scalar expression);

DESCRIPTION
       This  macro can help programmers find bugs in their programs, or handle
       exceptional cases via a crash that will produce limited debugging  out-
       put.

       If  expression is false (i.e., compares equal to zero), assert() prints
       an error message to standard error and terminates the program by  call-
       ing  abort(3).   The  error  message  includes the name of the file and
       function containing the assert() call, the source code line  number  of
       the call, and the text of the argument; something like:

           prog: some_file.c:16: some_func: Assertion `val == 0' failed.

       If  the  macro  NDEBUG  is  defined  at  the moment <assert.h> was last
       included, the macro assert() generates no code, and hence does  nothing
       at  all.   It  is not recommended to define NDEBUG if using assert() to
       detect error conditions since the software may behave non-deterministi-
       cally.

RETURN VALUE
       No value is returned.

ATTRIBUTES
       For   an   explanation   of   the  terms  used  in  this  section,  see
       attributes(7).

       +----------+---------------+---------+
       |Interface | Attribute     | Value   |
       +----------+---------------+---------+
       |assert()  | Thread safety | MT-Safe |
       +----------+---------------+---------+

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99.  In C89, expression  is  required
       to  be  of type int and undefined behavior results if it is not, but in
       C99 it may have any scalar type.

BUGS
       assert() is implemented as a macro; if the expression tested has  side-
       effects, program behavior will be different depending on whether NDEBUG
       is defined.  This may create Heisenbugs which go away when debugging is
       turned on.

SEE ALSO
       abort(3), assert_perror(3), exit(3)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                               2017-09-15                         ASSERT(3)
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