timer_getoverrun


SYNOPSIS
       #include <time.h>

       int timer_getoverrun(timer_t timerid);

       Link with -lrt.

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       timer_getoverrun(): _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 199309L

DESCRIPTION
       timer_getoverrun()  returns  the "overrun count" for the timer referred
       to by timerid.  An application can use the overrun count to  accurately
       calculate the number of timer expirations that would have occurred over
       a given time interval.  Timer overruns can occur  both  when  receiving
       expiration  notifications  via  signals (SIGEV_SIGNAL), and via threads
       (SIGEV_THREAD).

       When expiration notifications are delivered via a signal, overruns  can
       occur  as  follows.  Regardless of whether or not a real-time signal is
       used for timer notifications, the system queues at most one signal  per
       timer.   (This is the behavior specified by POSIX.1-2001.  The alterna-
       tive, queuing one signal for each timer expiration, could easily result
       in  overflowing  the  allowed limits for queued signals on the system.)
       Because of system scheduling delays, or because the signal may be  tem-
       porarily  blocked, there can be a delay between the time when the noti-
       fication signal is generated and the time when it is  delivered  (e.g.,
       caught  by  a signal handler) or accepted (e.g., using sigwaitinfo(2)).
       In this interval, further timer expirations may occur.  The timer over-
       run  count  is the number of additional timer expirations that occurred
       between the time when the signal was generated and when it  was  deliv-
       ered or accepted.

       Timer  overruns can also occur when expiration notifications are deliv-
       ered via invocation of a thread, since there may be an arbitrary  delay
       between  an expiration of the timer and the invocation of the notifica-
       tion thread, and in that delay interval, additional  timer  expirations
       may occur

RETURN VALUE
       On  success, timer_getoverrun() returns the overrun count of the speci-
       fied timer; this count may be 0 if no overruns have occurred.  On fail-
       ure, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
       EINVAL timerid is not a valid timer ID.

VERSIONS
       This system call is available since Linux 2.6.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001.
       POSIX.1-2001 specifies that if the timer overrun count is equal  to  or
       greater  than  an  implementation-defined maximum, DELAYTIMER_MAX, then
       timer_getoverrun() should return DELAYTIMER_MAX.  However,  Linux  does
       not implement this feature: instead, if the timer overrun value exceeds
       the maximum representable integer, the counter  cycles,  starting  once
       more from low values.

EXAMPLE
       See timer_create(2).

SEE ALSO
       clock_gettime(2), sigaction(2), signalfd(2), sigwaitinfo(2), timer_cre-
       ate(2), timer_delete(2), timer_settime(2), signal(7), time(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.



Linux                             2009-02-20               TIMER_GETOVERRUN(2)
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