symlink

       #include <unistd.h>

       int symlink(const char *target, const char *linkpath);

       #include <fcntl.h>           /* Definition of AT_* constants */
       #include <unistd.h>

       int symlinkat(const char *target, int newdirfd, const char *linkpath);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       symlink():
           _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
           _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED ||
           _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L

       symlinkat():
           Since glibc 2.10:
               _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 700 || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200809L
           Before glibc 2.10:
               _ATFILE_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       symlink()  creates  a  symbolic  link named linkpath which contains the
       string target.

       Symbolic links are interpreted at run time as if the  contents  of  the
       link  had  been substituted into the path being followed to find a file
       or directory.

       Symbolic links may contain ..  path components, which (if used  at  the
       start of the link) refer to the parent directories of that in which the
       link resides.

       A symbolic link (also known as a soft link) may point  to  an  existing
       file  or  to  a nonexistent one; the latter case is known as a dangling
       link.

       The permissions of a symbolic link are  irrelevant;  the  ownership  is
       ignored  when following the link, but is checked when removal or renam-
       ing of the link is requested and the link is in a  directory  with  the
       sticky bit (S_ISVTX) set.

       If linkpath exists, it will not be overwritten.

   symlinkat()
       The  symlinkat()  system  call operates in exactly the same way as sym-
       link(), except for the differences described here.

       If the pathname given in linkpath is relative, then it  is  interpreted
       relative  to  the directory referred to by the file descriptor newdirfd
       (rather than relative to the current working directory of  the  calling
       process, as is done by symlink() for a relative pathname).

              one  of  the  directories in the path prefix of linkpath did not
              allow search permission.  (See also path_resolution(7).)

       EDQUOT The user's  quota  of  resources  on  the  filesystem  has  been
              exhausted.   The  resources  could  be  inodes  or  disk blocks,
              depending on the filesystem implementation.

       EEXIST linkpath already exists.

       EFAULT target or linkpath points outside your accessible address space.

       EIO    An I/O error occurred.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving linkpath.

       ENAMETOOLONG
              target or linkpath was too long.

       ENOENT A directory component in linkpath does not exist or  is  a  dan-
              gling symbolic link, or target or linkpath is an empty string.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

       ENOSPC The device containing the file has no room for the new directory
              entry.

       ENOTDIR
              A component used as a directory in linkpath is not, in  fact,  a
              directory.

       EPERM  The filesystem containing linkpath does not support the creation
              of symbolic links.

       EROFS  linkpath is on a read-only filesystem.

       The following additional errors can occur for symlinkat():

       EBADF  newdirfd is not a valid file descriptor.

       ENOENT linkpath is a relative pathname and newdirfd refers to a  direc-
              tory that has been deleted.

       ENOTDIR
              linkpath is relative and newdirfd is a file descriptor referring
              to a file other than a directory.

VERSIONS
       symlinkat() was added to Linux in kernel 2.6.16;  library  support  was
       added to glibc in version 2.4.

CONFORMING TO
       symlink(): SVr4, 4.3BSD, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

       symlinkat(): POSIX.1-2008.
       in /proc/self/fd that corresponds to the newdirfd argument.

SEE ALSO
       ln(1), lchown(2), link(2), lstat(2), open(2),  readlink(2),  rename(2),
       unlink(2), path_resolution(7), symlink(7)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.04 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2015-04-19                        SYMLINK(2)
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