GETTIMEOFDAY(2)            Linux Programmer's Manual           GETTIMEOFDAY(2)

       gettimeofday, settimeofday - get / set time

       #include <sys/time.h>

       int gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv, struct timezone *tz);

       int settimeofday(const struct timeval *tv, const struct timezone *tz);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

           Since glibc 2.19:
           Glibc 2.19 and earlier:

       The  functions  gettimeofday()  and  settimeofday() can get and set the
       time as well as a timezone.

       The tv argument is a struct timeval (as specified in <sys/time.h>):

           struct timeval {
               time_t      tv_sec;     /* seconds */
               suseconds_t tv_usec;    /* microseconds */

       and gives the number of seconds and microseconds since the  Epoch  (see

       The tz argument is a struct timezone:

           struct timezone {
               int tz_minuteswest;     /* minutes west of Greenwich */
               int tz_dsttime;         /* type of DST correction */

       If  either  tv or tz is NULL, the corresponding structure is not set or
       returned.  (However, compilation warnings will result if tv is NULL.)

       The use of the timezone structure is obsolete; the tz  argument  should
       normally be specified as NULL.  (See NOTES below.)

       Under  Linux, there are some peculiar "warp clock" semantics associated
       with the settimeofday() system call if on the very  first  call  (after
       booting)  that  has a non-NULL tz argument, the tv argument is NULL and
       the tz_minuteswest field is nonzero.  (The tz_dsttime field  should  be
       zero  for this case.)  In such a case it is assumed that the CMOS clock
       is on local time, and that it has to be incremented by this  amount  to
       get UTC system time.  No doubt it is a bad idea to use this feature.

       gettimeofday() and settimeofday() return 0 for success, or -1 for fail-
       ure (in which case errno is set appropriately).

       EFAULT One of tv or tz pointed outside the accessible address space.

       EINVAL (settimeofday()): timezone is invalid.

       EINVAL (settimeofday()): tv.tv_sec is negative or tv.tv_usec is outside
              the range [0..999,999].

       EINVAL (since Linux 4.3)
              (settimeofday()): An attempt was made to set the time to a value
              less than the current value of the  CLOCK_MONOTONIC  clock  (see

       EPERM  The  calling process has insufficient privilege to call settime-
              ofday(); under Linux the CAP_SYS_TIME capability is required.

       SVr4, 4.3BSD.  POSIX.1-2001 describes gettimeofday() but not settimeof-
       day().  POSIX.1-2008 marks gettimeofday() as obsolete, recommending the
       use of clock_gettime(2) instead.

       The time returned by gettimeofday() is affected by discontinuous  jumps
       in  the system time (e.g., if the system administrator manually changes
       the system time).  If you need a monotonically  increasing  clock,  see

       Macros  for  operating  on  timeval  structures are described in timer-

       Traditionally, the fields of struct timeval were of type long.

   C library/kernel differences
       On some architectures, an implementation of gettimeofday() is  provided
       in the vdso(7).

   The tz_dsttime field
       On a non-Linux kernel, with glibc, the tz_dsttime field of struct time-
       zone will be set to a nonzero value by gettimeofday()  if  the  current
       timezone  has ever had or will have a daylight saving rule applied.  In
       this sense it exactly mirrors the meaning of daylight(3) for  the  cur-
       rent  zone.   On Linux, with glibc, the setting of the tz_dsttime field
       of struct timezone has never been used by settimeofday() or  gettimeof-
       day().  Thus, the following is purely of historical interest.

       On old systems, the field tz_dsttime contains a symbolic constant (val-
       ues are given below) that indicates in which part of the year  Daylight
       Saving  Time is in force.  (Note: this value is constant throughout the
       year: it does not indicate that DST is in force, it just selects an al-
       gorithm.)  The daylight saving time algorithms defined are as follows:

           DST_NONE     /* not on DST */
           DST_USA      /* USA style DST */
           DST_AUST     /* Australian style DST */
           DST_WET      /* Western European DST */
           DST_MET      /* Middle European DST */
           DST_EET      /* Eastern European DST */
           DST_CAN      /* Canada */
           DST_GB       /* Great Britain and Eire */
           DST_RUM      /* Romania */
           DST_TUR      /* Turkey */
           DST_AUSTALT  /* Australian style with shift in 1986 */

       Of  course  it turned out that the period in which Daylight Saving Time
       is in force cannot be given by a simple algorithm, one per country; in-
       deed,  this  period is determined by unpredictable political decisions.
       So this method of representing timezones has been abandoned.

       date(1), adjtimex(2), clock_gettime(2),  time(2),  ctime(3),  ftime(3),
       timeradd(3), capabilities(7), time(7), vdso(7), hwclock(8)

       This  page  is  part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at

Linux                             2019-03-06                   GETTIMEOFDAY(2)
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