setreuid32

       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <unistd.h>

       int setreuid(uid_t ruid, uid_t euid);
       int setregid(gid_t rgid, gid_t egid);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       setreuid(), setregid():
           _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
           _XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED

DESCRIPTION
       setreuid() sets real and effective user IDs of the calling process.

       Supplying a value of -1 for either the real or effective user ID forces
       the system to leave that ID unchanged.

       Unprivileged  processes  may only set the effective user ID to the real
       user ID, the effective user ID, or the saved set-user-ID.

       Unprivileged users may only set the real user ID to the real user ID or
       the effective user ID.

       If the real user ID is set (i.e., ruid is not -1) or the effective user
       ID is set to a value not equal to the previous real user ID, the  saved
       set-user-ID will be set to the new effective user ID.

       Completely  analogously,  setregid() sets real and effective group ID's
       of the calling process, and all of the above holds with "group" instead
       of "user".

RETURN VALUE
       On  success,  zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

       Note: there are cases where setreuid() can fail even when the caller is
       UID  0;  it  is  a  grave security error to omit checking for a failure
       return from setreuid().

ERRORS
       EAGAIN The call would change the caller's real UID (i.e., ruid does not
              match  the caller's real UID), but there was a temporary failure
              allocating the necessary kernel data structures.

       EAGAIN ruid does not match the caller's real UID and  this  call  would
              bring the number of processes belonging to the real user ID ruid
              over the caller's RLIMIT_NPROC resource limit.  Since Linux 3.1,
              this error case no longer occurs (but robust applications should
              check  for  this  error);  see  the  description  of  EAGAIN  in
              execve(2).

       EINVAL One or more of the target user or group IDs is not valid in this
              user namespace.

NOTES
       Setting  the  effective user (group) ID to the saved set-user-ID (saved
       set-group-ID) is possible since Linux 1.1.37 (1.1.38).

       POSIX.1 does not specify all of the UID changes that Linux permits  for
       an  unprivileged process.  For setreuid(), the effective user ID can be
       made the same as the real user ID or the saved set-user-ID, and  it  is
       unspecified  whether unprivileged processes may set the real user ID to
       the real user ID, the effective user ID, or the saved set-user-ID.  For
       setregid(),  the real group ID can be changed to the value of the saved
       set-group-ID, and the effective group ID can be changed to the value of
       the  real  group  ID or the saved set-group-ID.  The precise details of
       what ID changes are permitted vary across implementations.

       POSIX.1 makes no specification about the effect of these calls  on  the
       saved set-user-ID and saved set-group-ID.

       The  original  Linux  setreuid()  and setregid() system calls supported
       only  16-bit  user  and  group  IDs.   Subsequently,  Linux  2.4  added
       setreuid32()  and  setregid32(),  supporting  32-bit  IDs.   The  glibc
       setreuid() and setregid() wrapper functions transparently deal with the
       variations across kernel versions.

   C library/kernel differences
       At the kernel level, user IDs and group IDs are a per-thread attribute.
       However, POSIX requires that all threads in a process  share  the  same
       credentials.   The  NPTL  threading  implementation  handles  the POSIX
       requirements by providing wrapper  functions  for  the  various  system
       calls  that  change  process  UIDs  and  GIDs.  These wrapper functions
       (including those for setreuid() and setregid()) employ  a  signal-based
       technique  to  ensure  that when one thread changes credentials, all of
       the other threads in the process also change  their  credentials.   For
       details, see nptl(7).

SEE ALSO
       getgid(2),  getuid(2),  seteuid(2), setgid(2), setresuid(2), setuid(2),
       capabilities(7), credentials(7), user_namespaces(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.04 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
       http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2015-07-23                       SETREUID(2)
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