GETHOSTNAME(2)             Linux Programmer's Manual            GETHOSTNAME(2)

       gethostname, sethostname - get/set hostname

       #include <unistd.h>

       int gethostname(char *name, size_t len);
       int sethostname(const char *name, size_t len);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

           Since glibc 2.12: _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
           || /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
           Since glibc 2.21:
           In glibc 2.19 and 2.20:
               _DEFAULT_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)
           Up to and including glibc 2.19:
               _BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)

       These system calls are used to access or to change the system hostname.
       More precisely, they operate on the hostname associated with the  call-
       ing process's UTS namespace.

       sethostname() sets the hostname to the value given in the character ar-
       ray name.  The len argument specifies the  number  of  bytes  in  name.
       (Thus, name does not require a terminating null byte.)

       gethostname() returns the null-terminated hostname in the character ar-
       ray name, which has a length of  len  bytes.   If  the  null-terminated
       hostname  is too large to fit, then the name is truncated, and no error
       is returned (but see NOTES below).  POSIX.1 says that if  such  trunca-
       tion  occurs,  then  it  is unspecified whether the returned buffer in-
       cludes a terminating null byte.

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and  errno  is
       set appropriately.

       EFAULT name is an invalid address.

       EINVAL len  is  negative  or, for sethostname(), len is larger than the
              maximum allowed size.

              (glibc gethostname()) len is smaller than the actual size.  (Be-
              fore version 2.1, glibc uses EINVAL for this case.)

       EPERM  For sethostname(), the caller did not have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN ca-
              pability in the user namespace associated with its UTS namespace
              (see namespaces(7)).

       SVr4,   4.4BSD    (these   interfaces   first   appeared   in  4.2BSD).
       POSIX.1-2001 and POSIX.1-2008 specify gethostname()  but  not  sethost-

       SUSv2  guarantees  that "Host names are limited to 255 bytes".  POSIX.1
       guarantees that "Host names (not including the terminating  null  byte)
       are  limited  to  HOST_NAME_MAX bytes".  On Linux, HOST_NAME_MAX is de-
       fined with the value 64, which has been the limit since Linux 1.0 (ear-
       lier kernels imposed a limit of 8 bytes).

   C library/kernel differences
       The  GNU  C  library does not employ the gethostname() system call; in-
       stead, it implements gethostname() as a library function that calls un-
       ame(2) and copies up to len bytes from the returned nodename field into
       name.  Having performed the copy,  the  function  then  checks  if  the
       length  of the nodename was greater than or equal to len, and if it is,
       then the function returns -1 with errno set to  ENAMETOOLONG;  in  this
       case, a terminating null byte is not included in the returned name.

       Versions  of  glibc  before 2.2 handle the case where the length of the
       nodename was greater than or  equal  to  len  differently:  nothing  is
       copied  into  name and the function returns -1 with errno set to ENAME-

       hostname(1), getdomainname(2),  setdomainname(2),  uname(2),  uts_name-

       This  page  is  part of release 5.05 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at

Linux                             2019-10-10                    GETHOSTNAME(2)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2024 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.