#include <unistd.h> /* glibc uses <sys/fsuid.h> */
int setfsgid(uid_t fsgid);
The system call setfsgid() sets the group ID that the Linux kernel uses
to check for all accesses to the file system. Normally, the value of
fsgid will shadow the value of the effective group ID. In fact, when-
ever the effective group ID is changed, fsgid will also be changed to
the new value of the effective group ID.
Explicit calls to setfsuid(2) and setfsgid() are usually only used by
programs such as the Linux NFS server that need to change what user and
group ID is used for file access without a corresponding change in the
real and effective user and group IDs. A change in the normal user IDs
for a program such as the NFS server is a security hole that can expose
it to unwanted signals. (But see below.)
setfsgid() will only succeed if the caller is the superuser or if fsgid
matches either the real group ID, effective group ID, saved set-group-
ID, or the current value of fsgid.
On success, the previous value of fsgid is returned. On error, the
current value of fsgid is returned.
This system call is present in Linux since version 1.2.
setfsgid() is Linux-specific and should not be used in programs
intended to be portable.
When glibc determines that the argument is not a valid group ID, it
will return -1 and set errno to EINVAL without attempting the system
Note that at the time this system call was introduced, a process could
send a signal to a process with the same effective user ID. Today sig-
nal permission handling is slightly different.
The original Linux setfsgid() system call supported only 16-bit group
IDs. Subsequently, Linux 2.4 added setfsgid32() supporting 32-bit IDs.
The glibc setfsgid() wrapper function transparently deals with the
variation across kernel versions.
No error messages of any kind are returned to the caller. At the very
least, EPERM should be returned when the call fails (because the caller
lacks the CAP_SETGID capability).
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