recvmmsg


SYNOPSIS
       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int recvmmsg(int sockfd, struct mmsghdr *msgvec, unsigned int vlen,
                    unsigned int flags, struct timespec *timeout);

DESCRIPTION
       The  recvmmsg()  system  call is an extension of recvmsg(2) that allows
       the caller to receive multiple messages from a socket  using  a  single
       system call.  (This has performance benefits for some applications.)  A
       further extension over recvmsg(2) is  support  for  a  timeout  on  the
       receive operation.

       The  sockfd  argument  is  the file descriptor of the socket to receive
       data from.

       The msgvec argument is a pointer to an  array  of  mmsghdr  structures.
       The size of this array is specified in vlen.

       The mmsghdr structure is defined in <sys/socket.h> as:

           struct mmsghdr {
               struct msghdr msg_hdr;  /* Message header */
               unsigned int  msg_len;  /* Number of received bytes for header */
           };

       The  msg_hdr  field  is a msghdr structure, as described in recvmsg(2).
       The msg_len field is the number of bytes returned for  the  message  in
       the entry.  This field has the same value as the return value of a sin-
       gle recvmsg(2) on the header.

       The flags argument contains flags ORed together.   The  flags  are  the
       same as documented for recvmsg(2), with the following addition:

       MSG_WAITFORONE (since Linux 2.6.34)
              Turns on MSG_DONTWAIT after the first message has been received.

       The timeout argument points to a struct timespec (see clock_gettime(2))
       defining a timeout (seconds plus nanoseconds) for  the  receive  opera-
       tion.   (This interval will be rounded up to the system clock granular-
       ity, and kernel scheduling delays mean that the blocking  interval  may
       overrun  by  a  small  amount.)   If timeout is NULL then the operation
       blocks indefinitely.

       A blocking  recvmmsg()  call  blocks  until  vlen  messages  have  been
       received  or  until  the  timeout expires.  A nonblocking call reads as
       many messages as are available (up to the limit specified by vlen)  and
       returns immediately.

       On return from recvmmsg(), successive elements of msgvec are updated to
       contain information about each received message: msg_len  contains  the
       size  of  the received message; the subfields of msg_hdr are updated as
       EINVAL timeout is invalid.

VERSIONS
       The recvmmsg() system call was added in Linux 2.6.33.  Support in glibc
       was added in version 2.12.

CONFORMING TO
       recvmmsg() is Linux-specific.

EXAMPLE
       The following program uses recvmmsg() to receive multiple messages on a
       socket and stores them in multiple buffers.  The call  returns  if  all
       buffers are filled or if the timeout specified has expired.

       The following snippet periodically generates UDP datagrams containing a
       random number:

           $ while true; do echo $RANDOM > /dev/udp/127.0.0.1/1234;
                 sleep 0.25; done

       These datagrams are read by the example application, which can give the
       following output:

           $ ./a.out
           5 messages received
           1 11782
           2 11345
           3 304
           4 13514
           5 28421

   Program source

       #define _GNU_SOURCE
       #include <netinet/ip.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <string.h>
       #include <sys/socket.h>

       int
       main(void)
       {
       #define VLEN 10
       #define BUFSIZE 200
       #define TIMEOUT 1
           int sockfd, retval, i;
           struct sockaddr_in sa;
           struct mmsghdr msgs[VLEN];
           struct iovec iovecs[VLEN];
           char bufs[VLEN][BUFSIZE+1];
           struct timespec timeout;

           sockfd = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

           memset(msgs, 0, sizeof(msgs));
           for (i = 0; i < VLEN; i++) {
               iovecs[i].iov_base         = bufs[i];
               iovecs[i].iov_len          = BUFSIZE;
               msgs[i].msg_hdr.msg_iov    = &iovecs[i];
               msgs[i].msg_hdr.msg_iovlen = 1;
           }

           timeout.tv_sec = TIMEOUT;
           timeout.tv_nsec = 0;

           retval = recvmmsg(sockfd, msgs, VLEN, 0, &timeout);
           if (retval == -1) {
               perror("recvmmsg()");
               exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
           }

           printf("%d messages received\n", retval);
           for (i = 0; i < retval; i++) {
               bufs[i][msgs[i].msg_len] = 0;
               printf("%d %s", i+1, bufs[i]);
           }
           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
       }

SEE ALSO
       clock_gettime(2),   recvmsg(2),   sendmmsg(2),  sendmsg(2),  socket(2),
       socket(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.54 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
       be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



Linux                             2012-12-24                       RECVMMSG(2)
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