msgget

MSGGET(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 MSGGET(2)

NAME
       msgget - get a System V message queue identifier

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/ipc.h>
       #include <sys/msg.h>

       int msgget(key_t key, int msgflg);

DESCRIPTION
       The  msgget() system call returns the System V message queue identifier
       associated with the value of the key argument.  A new message queue  is
       created  if  key has the value IPC_PRIVATE or key isn't IPC_PRIVATE, no
       message queue with the given key key exists, and IPC_CREAT is specified
       in msgflg.

       If  msgflg  specifies  both  IPC_CREAT and IPC_EXCL and a message queue
       already exists for key, then msgget() fails with errno set  to  EEXIST.
       (This  is  analogous  to the effect of the combination O_CREAT | O_EXCL
       for open(2).)

       Upon creation, the least significant bits of the argument msgflg define
       the  permissions  of the message queue.  These permission bits have the
       same format and semantics as the permissions  specified  for  the  mode
       argument of open(2).  (The execute permissions are not used.)

       If  a  new message queue is created, then its associated data structure
       msqid_ds (see msgctl(2)) is initialized as follows:

              msg_perm.cuid and msg_perm.uid are set to the effective user  ID
              of the calling process.

              msg_perm.cgid and msg_perm.gid are set to the effective group ID
              of the calling process.

              The least significant 9 bits of msg_perm.mode  are  set  to  the
              least significant 9 bits of msgflg.

              msg_qnum, msg_lspid, msg_lrpid, msg_stime, and msg_rtime are set
              to 0.

              msg_ctime is set to the current time.

              msg_qbytes is set to the system limit MSGMNB.

       If the message queue already exists the permissions are verified, and a
       check is made to see if it is marked for destruction.

RETURN VALUE
       If successful, the return value will be the message queue identifier (a
       nonnegative integer), otherwise -1 with errno indicating the error.

ERRORS
       On failure, errno is set to one of the following values:

       EACCES A message queue exists for key, but the calling process does not
              have  permission  to  access  the  queue,  and does not have the
              CAP_IPC_OWNER capability in the user namespace that governs  its
              IPC namespace.

       EEXIST IPC_CREAT  and  IPC_EXCL were specified in msgflg, but a message
              queue already exists for key.

       ENOENT No message queue exists for  key  and  msgflg  did  not  specify
              IPC_CREAT.

       ENOMEM A  message  queue has to be created but the system does not have
              enough memory for the new data structure.

       ENOSPC A message queue has to be created but the system limit  for  the
              maximum number of message queues (MSGMNI) would be exceeded.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4.

NOTES
       The  inclusion of <sys/types.h> and <sys/ipc.h> isn't required on Linux
       or by any version of POSIX.  However, some old implementations required
       the inclusion of these header files, and the SVID also documented their
       inclusion.  Applications intended to be portable to  such  old  systems
       may need to include these header files.

       IPC_PRIVATE isn't a flag field but a key_t type.  If this special value
       is used for key, the system call ignores everything but the least  sig-
       nificant 9 bits of msgflg and creates a new message queue (on success).

       The  following is a system limit on message queue resources affecting a
       msgget() call:

       MSGMNI System-wide limit on the number of message queues.  Before Linux
              3.19,  the  default  value for this limit was calculated using a
              formula based on available system memory.  Since Linux 3.19, the
              default  value  is 32,000.  On Linux, this limit can be read and
              modified via /proc/sys/kernel/msgmni.

   Linux notes
       Until version 2.3.20, Linux would return EIDRM for a msgget() on a mes-
       sage queue scheduled for deletion.

BUGS
       The name choice IPC_PRIVATE was perhaps unfortunate, IPC_NEW would more
       clearly show its function.

SEE ALSO
       msgctl(2), msgrcv(2),  msgsnd(2),  ftok(3),  capabilities(7),  mq_over-
       view(7), svipc(7)

COLOPHON
       This  page  is  part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
       latest     version     of     this    page,    can    be    found    at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2017-09-15                         MSGGET(2)
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