#include <unistd.h>

       long gethostid(void);
       int sethostid(long hostid);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

           _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500 ||
           _BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)

       gethostid()  and  sethostid()  respectively  get or set a unique 32-bit
       identifier for the current machine.  The 32-bit identifier is  intended
       to be unique among all UNIX systems in existence.  This normally resem-
       bles the Internet address for the local machine, as returned  by  geth-
       ostbyname(3), and thus usually never needs to be set.

       The sethostid() call is restricted to the superuser.

       gethostid()  returns  the 32-bit identifier for the current host as set
       by sethostid().

       On success, sethostid() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, and  errno
       is set to indicate the error.

       sethostid() can fail with the following errors:

       EACCES The  caller did not have permission to write to the file used to
              store the host ID.

       EPERM  The calling process's effective user or group ID is not the same
              as its corresponding real ID.

       4.2BSD;  these  functions  were dropped in 4.4BSD.  SVr4 includes geth-
       ostid() but not sethostid().  POSIX.1-2001  specifies  gethostid()  but
       not sethostid().

       In  the  glibc  implementation,  the  hostid  is  stored  in  the  file
       /etc/hostid.  (In glibc versions before 2.2, the  file  /var/adm/hostid
       was used.)

       In  the  glibc implementation, if gethostid() cannot open the file con-
       taining the host ID, then it obtains the hostname using gethostname(2),
       passes  that  hostname  to  gethostbyname_r(3)  in  order to obtain the
       be found at

Linux                             2010-09-20                      GETHOSTID(3)
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