getuid() returns the real user ID of the calling process.
geteuid() returns the effective user ID of the calling process.
When a normal program is executed, the effective and real user ID of
the process are set to the ID of the user executing the file. When a
set ID program is executed the real user ID is set to the calling user
and the effective user ID corresponds to the set ID bit on the file
These functions are always successful.
In UNIX V6 the getuid() call returned (euid << 8) + uid. UNIX V7
introduced separate calls getuid() and geteuid().
The original Linux getuid() and geteuid() system calls supported only
16-bit user IDs. Subsequently, Linux 2.4 added getuid32() and
geteuid32(), supporting 32-bit IDs. The glibc getuid() and geteuid()
wrapper functions transparently deal with the variations across kernel
getresuid(2), setreuid(2), setuid(2), credentials(7)
This page is part of release 3.35 of the Linux man-pages project. A
description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can
be found at http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/.
Linux 2010-11-22 GETUID(2)
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