EPOLL_CREATE(2)            Linux Programmer's Manual           EPOLL_CREATE(2)

       epoll_create, epoll_create1 - open an epoll file descriptor

       #include <sys/epoll.h>

       int epoll_create(int size);
       int epoll_create1(int flags);

       epoll_create() creates a new epoll(7) instance.  Since Linux 2.6.8, the
       size argument is ignored, but must be greater than zero; see NOTES  be-

       epoll_create() returns a file descriptor referring to the new epoll in-
       stance.  This file descriptor is used for all the subsequent  calls  to
       the  epoll interface.  When no longer required, the file descriptor re-
       turned by epoll_create() should be closed by using close(2).  When  all
       file  descriptors  referring to an epoll instance have been closed, the
       kernel destroys the instance and releases the associated resources  for

       If  flags  is 0, then, other than the fact that the obsolete size argu-
       ment is dropped, epoll_create1() is the same  as  epoll_create().   The
       following value can be included in flags to obtain different behavior:

              Set the close-on-exec (FD_CLOEXEC) flag on the new file descrip-
              tor.  See the description of the O_CLOEXEC flag in  open(2)  for
              reasons why this may be useful.

       On  success,  these  system calls return a nonnegative file descriptor.
       On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.

       EINVAL size is not positive.

       EINVAL (epoll_create1()) Invalid value specified in flags.

       EMFILE The per-user limit on the number of epoll instances  imposed  by
              /proc/sys/fs/epoll/max_user_instances   was   encountered.   See
              epoll(7) for further details.

       EMFILE The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has
              been reached.

       ENFILE The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been

       ENOMEM There was insufficient memory to create the kernel object.

       epoll_create() was added to the kernel in version 2.6.  Library support
       is provided in glibc starting with version 2.3.2.

       epoll_create1()  was  added  to  the kernel in version 2.6.27.  Library
       support is provided in glibc starting with version 2.9.

       epoll_create() is Linux-specific.

       In the initial epoll_create() implementation,  the  size  argument  in-
       formed the kernel of the number of file descriptors that the caller ex-
       pected to add to the epoll instance.  The kernel used this  information
       as  a  hint  for  the amount of space to initially allocate in internal
       data structures describing events.  (If necessary, the kernel would al-
       locate  more  space  if  the  caller's usage exceeded the hint given in
       size.)  Nowadays, this hint is no longer required (the  kernel  dynami-
       cally sizes the required data structures without needing the hint), but
       size must still be greater than zero, in order to ensure backward  com-
       patibility when new epoll applications are run on older kernels.

       close(2), epoll_ctl(2), epoll_wait(2), epoll(7)

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       description of the project, information about reporting bugs,  and  the
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Linux                             2017-09-15                   EPOLL_CREATE(2)
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