DELETE_MODULE(2)           Linux Programmer's Manual          DELETE_MODULE(2)

       delete_module - unload a kernel module

       int delete_module(const char *name, int flags);

       Note:  No declaration of this system call is provided in glibc headers;
       see NOTES.

       The delete_module() system call attempts to remove the unused  loadable
       module  entry  identified by name.  If the module has an exit function,
       then that function is executed before unloading the module.  The  flags
       argument  is  used  to  modify  the behavior of the system call, as de-
       scribed below.  This system call requires privilege.

       Module removal is attempted according to the following rules:

       1.  If there are other loaded modules that depend on  (i.e.,  refer  to
           symbols defined in) this module, then the call fails.

       2.  Otherwise,  if the reference count for the module (i.e., the number
           of processes currently using the module) is zero, then  the  module
           is immediately unloaded.

       3.  If  a  module  has a nonzero reference count, then the behavior de-
           pends on the bits set in flags.  In normal usage (see  NOTES),  the
           O_NONBLOCK flag is always specified, and the O_TRUNC flag may addi-
           tionally be specified.

           The various combinations for flags have the following effect:

           flags == O_NONBLOCK
                  The call returns immediately, with an error.

           flags == (O_NONBLOCK | O_TRUNC)
                  The module is unloaded immediately, regardless of whether it
                  has a nonzero reference count.

           (flags & O_NONBLOCK) == 0
                  If  flags  does  not specify O_NONBLOCK, the following steps

                  *  The module is marked so that no new references  are  per-

                  *  If the module's reference count is nonzero, the caller is
                     placed in an uninterruptible sleep  state  (TASK_UNINTER-
                     RUPTIBLE)  until  the  reference  count is zero, at which
                     point the call unblocks.

                  *  The module is unloaded in the usual way.

       The O_TRUNC flag has one further effect on the rules  described  above.
       By default, if a module has an init function but no exit function, then
       an attempt to remove the module fails.  However, if O_TRUNC was  speci-
       fied, this requirement is bypassed.

       Using  the O_TRUNC flag is dangerous!  If the kernel was not built with
       CONFIG_MODULE_FORCE_UNLOAD, this flag is silently ignored.   (Normally,
       CONFIG_MODULE_FORCE_UNLOAD  is  enabled.)   Using  this flag taints the
       kernel (TAINT_FORCED_RMMOD).

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned  and  errno  is
       set appropriately.

       EBUSY  The module is not "live" (i.e., it is still being initialized or
              is already marked for removal); or, the module has an init func-
              tion  but has no exit function, and O_TRUNC was not specified in

       EFAULT name refers to a location outside the process's  accessible  ad-
              dress space.

       ENOENT No module by that name exists.

       EPERM  The  caller  was not privileged (did not have the CAP_SYS_MODULE
              capability), or module unloading is disabled (see /proc/sys/ker-
              nel/modules_disabled in proc(5)).

              Other  modules  depend on this module; or, O_NONBLOCK was speci-
              fied in flags, but the reference count of this module is nonzero
              and O_TRUNC was not specified in flags.

       delete_module() is Linux-specific.

       The delete_module() system call is not supported by glibc.  No declara-
       tion is provided in glibc headers, but, through  a  quirk  of  history,
       glibc  versions  before  2.23  did  export an ABI for this system call.
       Therefore, in order to employ this system call,  it  is  (before  glibc
       2.23) sufficient to manually declare the interface in your code; alter-
       natively, you can invoke the system call using syscall(2).

       The uninterruptible sleep that may occur if O_NONBLOCK is omitted  from
       flags  is  considered undesirable, because the sleeping process is left
       in an unkillable state.  As at Linux 3.7, specifying O_NONBLOCK is  op-
       tional, but in future kernels it is likely to become mandatory.

   Linux 2.4 and earlier
       In Linux 2.4 and earlier, the system call took only one argument:

          int delete_module(const char *name);

       If name is NULL, all unused modules marked auto-clean are removed.

       Some  further details of differences in the behavior of delete_module()
       in Linux 2.4 and earlier are not currently  explained  in  this  manual

       create_module(2),   init_module(2),   query_module(2),  lsmod(8),  mod-
       probe(8), rmmod(8)

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       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
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Linux                             2017-09-15                  DELETE_MODULE(2)
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