ALLOC_HUGEPAGES(2)         Linux Programmer's Manual        ALLOC_HUGEPAGES(2)

       alloc_hugepages, free_hugepages - allocate or free huge pages

       void *alloc_hugepages(int key, void *addr, size_t len,
                             int prot, int flag);

       int free_hugepages(void *addr);

       The system calls alloc_hugepages() and free_hugepages() were introduced
       in Linux 2.5.36 and removed again in 2.5.54.  They existed only on i386
       and  ia64  (when built with CONFIG_HUGETLB_PAGE).  In Linux 2.4.20, the
       syscall numbers exist, but the calls fail with the error ENOSYS.

       On i386 the memory  management  hardware  knows  about  ordinary  pages
       (4 KiB)  and  huge pages (2 or 4 MiB).  Similarly ia64 knows about huge
       pages of several sizes.  These system calls serve  to  map  huge  pages
       into the process's memory or to free them again.  Huge pages are locked
       into memory, and are not swapped.

       The key argument is an identifier.  When zero the  pages  are  private,
       and not inherited by children.  When positive the pages are shared with
       other applications using the same key,  and  inherited  by  child  pro-

       The  addr argument of free_hugepages() tells which page is being freed:
       it was the return value of a call to alloc_hugepages().  (The memory is
       first  actually freed when all users have released it.)  The addr argu-
       ment of alloc_hugepages() is a hint, that the kernel  may  or  may  not
       follow.  Addresses must be properly aligned.

       The  len  argument is the length of the required segment.  It must be a
       multiple of the huge page size.

       The prot argument specifies the memory protection of the  segment.   It
       is one of PROT_READ, PROT_WRITE, PROT_EXEC.

       The flag argument is ignored, unless key is positive.  In that case, if
       flag is IPC_CREAT, then a new huge page segment is  created  when  none
       with  the  given  key existed.  If this flag is not set, then ENOENT is
       returned when no segment with the given key exists.

       On success, alloc_hugepages() returns the  allocated  virtual  address,
       and free_hugepages() returns zero.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno
       is set appropriately.

       ENOSYS The system call is not supported on this kernel.

              Number of configured hugetlb pages.  This can be read and  writ-

              Gives  info  on  the  number  of configured hugetlb pages and on
              their   size   in   the   three    variables    HugePages_Total,
              HugePages_Free, Hugepagesize.

       These  calls  are specific to Linux on Intel processors, and should not
       be used in programs intended to be portable.

       These system calls are gone; they existed only in Linux 2.5.36  through
       to  2.5.54.   Now the hugetlbfs filesystem can be used instead.  Memory
       backed by huge pages (if the CPU supports them) is  obtained  by  using
       mmap(2) to map files in this virtual filesystem.

       The  maximal number of huge pages can be specified using the hugepages=
       boot parameter.

       This page is part of release 5.05 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at

Linux                             2017-09-15                ALLOC_HUGEPAGES(2)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2024 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.