XMESSAGE(1)                 General Commands Manual                XMESSAGE(1)

       xmessage - display a message or query in a window (X-based /bin/echo)

       xmessage [ -buttons label1[:value1],label2[:value2], ...  ] [ options ]
       -file filename
       xmessage [ -buttons label1[:value1],label2[:value2], ...  ] [ options ]
       message ...

       The  xmessage  program  displays a window containing a message from the
       command line, a file, or standard input.  Along the lower edge  of  the
       message  is  row  of  buttons; clicking the left mouse button on any of
       these buttons will cause xmessage to exit.  Which button was pressed is
       returned  in  the  exit status and, optionally, by writing the label of
       the button to standard output.

       The program is typically used by shell scripts to  display  information
       to the user or to ask the user to make a choice.

       Unless  a  size is specified, xmessage sizes itself to fit the message,
       up to a maximum size.  If the message is too big for the window,  xmes-
       sage will display scroll bars.

       These  are the command line options that xmessage understands, in addi-
       tion to the standard ones listed in X(7).

       -buttons button,button,...
               This option will cause xmessage to create one button  for  each
               comma-separated button argument.  The corresponding resource is
               buttons.  Each button consists of a label  optionally  followed
               by  a  colon  and  an exit value.  The label is the name of the
               Command button widget created and will be the default text dis-
               played  to  the  user.  Since this is the name of the widget it
               may be used to change any of the resources associated with that
               button.   The  exit  value will be returned by xmessage if that
               button is selected.  The default exit value  is  100  plus  the
               button  number.   Buttons  are  numbered from the left starting
               with one.  The default string if no -buttons option is given is

       -default label
               Defines the button with a matching label to be the default.  If
               not specified there is no default.  The corresponding  resource
               is  defaultButton.   Pressing  Return  anywhere in the xmessage
               window will activate the default button.   The  default  button
               has a wider border than the others.

       -file filename
               File  to display.  The corresponding resource is file.  A file-
               name of `-' reads from standard input.  If this option  is  not
               supplied, xmessage will display all non-option arguments in the
               style of echo.  Either -file or a message on the  command  line
               should be provided, but not both.

       -print  This  will  cause  the program to write the label of the button
               pressed to standard output.  Equivalent to setting  the  print-
               Value  resource to TRUE.  This is one way to get feedback as to
               which button was pressed.

       -center Pop up the window at the center of the screen.   Equivalent  to
               setting the center resource to TRUE.

               Pop up the window near the mouse cursor.  Equivalent to setting
               the nearMouse resource to TRUE.

       -timeout secs
               Exit with status 0 after secs  seconds  if  the  user  has  not
               clicked  on  a button yet.  The corresponding resource is time-

       Knowing the name and position in the hierarchy of each widget is useful
       when  specifying resources for them.  In the following chart, the class
       and name of each widget is given.

       Xmessage (xmessage)
            Form form
                 Text message
                 Command (label1)
                 Command (label2)

       The program has a few top-level application resources that  allow  cus-
       tomizations that are specific to xmessage.

       file    A String specifying the file to display.

       buttons A  String  specifying the buttons to display.  See the -buttons
               command-line option.

               A String specifying a default button by label.

               A Boolean value specifying whether  the  label  of  the  button
               pressed to exit the program is written to standard output.  The
               default is FALSE.

       center  A Boolean value specifying whether to pop up the window at  the
               center of the screen.  The default is FALSE.

               A  Boolean  value  specifying whether to pop up the window near
               the mouse cursor.  The default is FALSE.

       timeout The number of seconds after which to exit with status  0.   The
               default is 0, which means never time out.

       maxHeight (class Maximum)
               The  maximum  height  of the text part of the window in pixels,
               used if no size was specified in the geometry.  The default  is
               0, which means use 70% of the height of the screen.

       maxWidth (class Maximum)
               The  maximum  width  of  the text part of the window in pixels,
               used if no size was specified in the geometry.  The default  is
               0, which means use 70% of the width of the screen.

               exit  immediately  with  an  exit  status of value (default 0).
               This action can be used with translations to provide  alternate
               ways of exiting xmessage.

               exit  immediately with the exit status specified by the default
               button.  If there is no default  button,  this  action  has  no

       If it detects an error, xmessage returns 1, so this value should not be
       used with a button.

       X(7), echo(1), cat(1)

       Chris Peterson, MIT Project Athena
       Stephen Gildea, X Consortium

X Version 11                    xmessage 1.0.4                     XMESSAGE(1)
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