taskset


SYNOPSIS
       taskset [options] mask command [arg]...
       taskset [options] -p [mask] pid

DESCRIPTION
       taskset  is  used  to  set  or  retrieve  the CPU affinity of a running
       process given its PID or to launch a  new  COMMAND  with  a  given  CPU
       affinity.   CPU affinity is a scheduler property that "bonds" a process
       to a given set of CPUs on the system.  The Linux scheduler  will  honor
       the  given CPU affinity and the process will not run on any other CPUs.
       Note that the Linux scheduler also supports natural CPU  affinity:  the
       scheduler attempts to keep processes on the same CPU as long as practi-
       cal for performance reasons.  Therefore, forcing a specific CPU  affin-
       ity is useful only in certain applications.

       The CPU affinity is represented as a bitmask, with the lowest order bit
       corresponding to the first logical CPU and the highest order bit corre-
       sponding  to  the  last logical CPU.  Not all CPUs may exist on a given
       system but a mask may specify more CPUs than are present.  A  retrieved
       mask  will  reflect only the bits that correspond to CPUs physically on
       the system.  If an invalid mask is given (i.e., one that corresponds to
       no  valid  CPUs on the current system) an error is returned.  The masks
       are typically given in hexadecimal.  For example,

       0x00000001
              is processor #0

       0x00000003
              is processors #0 and #1

       0xFFFFFFFF
              is all processors (#0 through #31).

       When taskset returns, it is guaranteed that the given program has  been
       scheduled to a legal CPU.

OPTIONS
       -a, --all-tasks
              Set  or retrieve the CPU affinity of all the tasks (threads) for
              a given PID.

       -p, --pid
              Operate on an existing PID and do not launch a new task.

       -c, --cpu-list
              Specify a numerical list of processors  instead  of  a  bitmask.
              The numbers are separated by commas and may include ranges.  For
              example: 0,5,7,9-11.

       -h, --help
              Display usage information and exit.

       -V, --version

PERMISSIONS
       A  user  must  possess  CAP_SYS_NICE  to  change  the CPU affinity of a
       process.  Any user can retrieve the affinity mask.

AUTHOR
       Written by Robert M. Love.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2004 Robert M. Love
       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is
       NO  warranty;  not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
       PURPOSE.

SEE ALSO
       chrt(1), nice(1), renice(1), sched_setaffinity(2), sched_getaffinity(2)

       See sched_setscheduler(2) for a description  of  the  Linux  scheduling
       scheme.

AVAILABILITY
       The  taskset command is part of the util-linux package and is available
       from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.



util-linux                        April 2003                        TASKSET(1)
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