SHTOOL-INSTALL.TMP(1) GNU Portable Shell Tool SHTOOL-INSTALL.TMP(1)
shtool-install - GNU shtool install(1) command
shtool install [-v|--verbose] [-t|--trace] [-d|--mkdir] [-c|--copy]
[-C|--compare-copy] [-s|--strip] [-m|--mode mode] [-o|--owner owner]
[-g|--group group] [-e|--exec sed-cmd] file [file ...] path
This command installs a one or more files to a given target path
providing all important options of the BSD install(1) command. The
trick is that the functionality is provided in a portable way.
The following command line options are available.
Display some processing information.
Enable the output of the essential shell commands which are
To maximize BSD compatibility, the BSD "shtool "install -d"" usage
is internally mapped to the "shtool "mkdir -f -p -m 755"" command.
Copy the file to the target path. Default is to move.
Same as -c except if the destination file already exists and is
identical to the source file, no installation is done and the
target remains untouched.
This option strips program executables during the installation, see
strip(1). Default is to install verbatim.
-m, --mode mode
The file mode applied to the target, see chmod(1). Setting mode to
""-"" skips this step and leaves the operating system default which
is usually based on umask(1). Some file modes require superuser
privileges to be set. Default is 0755.
-o, --owner owner
The file owner name or id applied to the target, see chown(1). This
option requires superuser privileges to execute. Default is to skip
this step and leave the operating system default which is usually
based on the executing uid or the parent setuid directory.
-g, --group group
The file group name or id applied to the target, see chgrp(1). This
option requires superuser privileges to execute to the fullest
extend, otherwise the choice of group is limited on most operating
systems. Default is to skip this step and leave the operating
system default which is usually based on the executing gid or the
parent setgid directory.
-e, --exec sed-cmd
This option can be used one or multiple times to apply one or more
sed(1) commands to the file contents during installation.
shtool install -c -s -m 4755 foo $(bindir)/
shtool install -c -m 644 foo.man $(mandir)/man1/foo.1
shtool install -c -m 644 -e "s/@p@/$prefix/g" foo.conf $(etcdir)/
The GNU shtool install command was originally written by Ralf S.
Engelschall <firstname.lastname@example.org> in 1997 for GNU shtool. It was
prompted by portability issues in the installation procedures of OSSP
shtool(1), umask(1), chmod(1), chown(1), chgrp(1), strip(1), sed(1).
18-Jul-2008 shtool 2.0.8 SHTOOL-INSTALL.TMP(1)
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