ppmfade [ -f first.ppm ] [ -l last.ppm ] [
-mix|-spread|-shift|-relief|-oil|-edge|-bentley|-block ] [ -base name ]
This program generates a transition between either two input images or
between one input image and black. You can use the 30 intermediate
images generated to show a smooth transition between segments of a
movie. The input and output images are in the Portable Pixmap (PPM)
format. If you specify both input images, they should both be the same
size. If you want to fade from black to an image, specify only the
last image. If you want to fade from an image to black, specify only
the first image. ppmfade names the resulting image files base.nnnn
.ppm, where nnnn is a number varying between 0001 and 0030 and base is
what you specify with via the -base option (default fade).
Another way to convert by steps from one image to another is morphing.
You can use xmorph to do that.
This is the image file (PPM format) to be used at the beginning
of the transition. If not specified, the fade will start from
This is the image file (PPM format) to be used at the ending of
the transition. If not specified, the fade will end with black.
-mix The two images are superimposed with the brightness of the first
image decreasing from full to none and the brightness of the
final image increasing from none to full. The transition is
quadratic in brightness with faster transition in the beginning
and slower at the end.
The pixels in the first image will be moved (spread) further and
further from their original location and then moved into the
proper location in the final image. This is the default transi-
-shift The pixels in the first image will be shifted further and fur-
ther horizontally from their original location and then moved
into the proper location in the final image.
The first image is faded to a Laplacian relief filtered version
of the first image. This is then faded to a Laplacian relief
filtered version of the second image and finally faded to the
of the second image and finally faded to the final image.
-block The first image is defocused to small blocks. The small blocks
are converted to match a defocused version of the last image.
The block version of the last image is then focused to the final
This forms part of the output filenames, as described above.
ppmfade -f teapot.ppm -l pyr.ppm
Fade from teapot.ppm to pyr.ppm generating fade.0001.ppm to
fade.0030.ppm using the "spread" transition.
ppmfade -l teapot.ppm
Fade from black to teapot.ppm generating fade.0001.ppm to
ppmfade -f teapot.ppm -base end
Fade from teapot.ppm to black generating end.0001.ppm to
tontsc(1), sgifade(1), smart_vfr(1), xmorph(1), ppm(5),
Wesley C. Barris (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Army High Performance Computing Research Center (AHPCRC)
Minnesota Supercomputer Center, Inc.
1 April 1, 2000 PPMFADE(1)
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