perlhist


DESCRIPTION
       This document aims to record the Perl source code releases.

INTRODUCTION
       Perl history in brief, by Larry Wall:

           Perl 0 introduced Perl to my officemates.
           Perl 1 introduced Perl to the world, and changed /\(...\|...\)/ to
               /(...|...)/.  \(Dan Faigin still hasn't forgiven me. :-\)
           Perl 2 introduced Henry Spencer's regular expression package.
           Perl 3 introduced the ability to handle binary data (embedded nulls).
           Perl 4 introduced the first Camel book.  Really.  We mostly just
               switched version numbers so the book could refer to 4.000.
           Perl 5 introduced everything else, including the ability to
               introduce everything else.

THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
       Larry Wall, Andy Dougherty, Tom Christiansen, Charles Bailey, Nick Ing-
       Simmons, Chip Salzenberg, Tim Bunce, Malcolm Beattie, Gurusamy Sarathy,
       Graham Barr, Jarkko Hietaniemi, Hugo van der Sanden, Michael Schwern,
       Rafael Garcia-Suarez, Nicholas Clark, Richard Clamp, Leon Brocard, Dave
       Mitchell, Jesse Vincent, Ricardo Signes, Steve Hay, Matt S Trout, David
       Golden, Florian Ragwitz, Tatsuhiko Miyagawa, Chris "BinGOs" Williams,
       Zefram and var Arnfjoer` Bjarmason.

   PUMPKIN?
       [from Porting/pumpkin.pod in the Perl source code distribution]

       Chip Salzenberg gets credit for that, with a nod to his cow orker,
       David Croy.  We had passed around various names (baton, token, hot
       potato) but none caught on.  Then, Chip asked:

       [begin quote]

          Who has the patch pumpkin?

       To explain:  David Croy once told me once that at a previous job, there
       was one tape drive and multiple systems that used it for backups.  But
       instead of some high-tech exclusion software, they used a low-tech
       method to prevent multiple simultaneous backups: a stuffed pumpkin.  No
       one was allowed to make backups unless they had the "backup pumpkin".

       [end quote]

       The name has stuck.  The holder of the pumpkin is sometimes called the
       pumpking (keeping the source afloat?) or the pumpkineer (pulling the
       strings?).

THE RECORDS
        Pump-  Release         Date            Notes
        king                                   (by no means
                                                comprehensive,
                                                see Changes*

        Larry   2.000          1988-Jun-05

                 2.001         1988-Jun-28

        Larry   3.000          1989-Oct-18

                 3.001         1989-Oct-26
                 3.002..4      1989-Nov-11
                 3.005         1989-Nov-18
                 3.006..8      1989-Dec-22
                 3.009..13     1990-Mar-02
                 3.014         1990-Mar-13
                 3.015         1990-Mar-14
                 3.016..18     1990-Mar-28
                 3.019..27     1990-Aug-10     User subs.
                 3.028         1990-Aug-14
                 3.029..36     1990-Oct-17
                 3.037         1990-Oct-20
                 3.040         1990-Nov-10
                 3.041         1990-Nov-13
                 3.042..43     1991-Jan-??
                 3.044         1991-Jan-12

        Larry   4.000          1991-Mar-21

                 4.001..3      1991-Apr-12
                 4.004..9      1991-Jun-07
                 4.010         1991-Jun-10
                 4.011..18     1991-Nov-05
                 4.019         1991-Nov-11     Stable.
                 4.020..33     1992-Jun-08
                 4.034         1992-Jun-11
                 4.035         1992-Jun-23
        Larry    4.036         1993-Feb-05     Very stable.

                 5.000alpha1   1993-Jul-31
                 5.000alpha2   1993-Aug-16
                 5.000alpha3   1993-Oct-10
                 5.000alpha4   1993-???-??
                 5.000alpha5   1993-???-??
                 5.000alpha6   1994-Mar-18
                 5.000alpha7   1994-Mar-25
        Andy     5.000alpha8   1994-Apr-04
        Larry    5.000alpha9   1994-May-05     ext appears.
                 5.000alpha10  1994-Jun-11
                 5.000alpha11  1994-Jul-01
        Andy     5.000a11a     1994-Jul-07     To fit 14.
                 5.000a11b     1994-Jul-14
                 5.000a11c     1994-Jul-19
                 5.000a11d     1994-Jul-22
        Larry    5.000alpha12  1994-Aug-04
        Andy     5.000a12a     1994-Aug-08
                 5.000a12b     1994-Aug-15
                 5.000a12c     1994-Aug-22

        Andy     5.000b3a      1994-Sep-18
                 5.000b3b      1994-Sep-22
                 5.000b3c      1994-Sep-23
                 5.000b3d      1994-Sep-27
                 5.000b3e      1994-Sep-28
                 5.000b3f      1994-Sep-30
                 5.000b3g      1994-Oct-04
        Andy     5.000b3h      1994-Oct-07
        Larry?   5.000gamma    1994-Oct-13?

        Larry   5.000          1994-Oct-17

        Andy     5.000a        1994-Dec-19
                 5.000b        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000c        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000d        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000e        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000f        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000g        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000h        1995-Jan-18
                 5.000i        1995-Jan-26
                 5.000j        1995-Feb-07
                 5.000k        1995-Feb-11
                 5.000l        1995-Feb-21
                 5.000m        1995-Feb-28
                 5.000n        1995-Mar-07
                 5.000o        1995-Mar-13?

        Larry   5.001          1995-Mar-13

        Andy     5.001a        1995-Mar-15
                 5.001b        1995-Mar-31
                 5.001c        1995-Apr-07
                 5.001d        1995-Apr-14
                 5.001e        1995-Apr-18     Stable.
                 5.001f        1995-May-31
                 5.001g        1995-May-25
                 5.001h        1995-May-25
                 5.001i        1995-May-30
                 5.001j        1995-Jun-05
                 5.001k        1995-Jun-06
                 5.001l        1995-Jun-06     Stable.
                 5.001m        1995-Jul-02     Very stable.
                 5.001n        1995-Oct-31     Very unstable.
                 5.002beta1    1995-Nov-21
                 5.002b1a      1995-Dec-04
                 5.002b1b      1995-Dec-04
                 5.002b1c      1995-Dec-04
                 5.002b1d      1995-Dec-04
                 5.002b1e      1995-Dec-08
                 5.002b1f      1995-Dec-08
        Tom      5.002b1g      1995-Dec-21     Doc release.
        Andy     5.002b1h      1996-Jan-05
                 5.002b2       1996-Jan-14

        Andy     5.003_03      1996-Aug-28
                 5.003_04      1996-Sep-02
                 5.003_05      1996-Sep-12
                 5.003_06      1996-Oct-07
                 5.003_07      1996-Oct-10
        Chip     5.003_08      1996-Nov-19
                 5.003_09      1996-Nov-26
                 5.003_10      1996-Nov-29
                 5.003_11      1996-Dec-06
                 5.003_12      1996-Dec-19
                 5.003_13      1996-Dec-20
                 5.003_14      1996-Dec-23
                 5.003_15      1996-Dec-23
                 5.003_16      1996-Dec-24
                 5.003_17      1996-Dec-27
                 5.003_18      1996-Dec-31
                 5.003_19      1997-Jan-04
                 5.003_20      1997-Jan-07
                 5.003_21      1997-Jan-15
                 5.003_22      1997-Jan-16
                 5.003_23      1997-Jan-25
                 5.003_24      1997-Jan-29
                 5.003_25      1997-Feb-04
                 5.003_26      1997-Feb-10
                 5.003_27      1997-Feb-18
                 5.003_28      1997-Feb-21
                 5.003_90      1997-Feb-25     Ramping up to the 5.004 release.
                 5.003_91      1997-Mar-01
                 5.003_92      1997-Mar-06
                 5.003_93      1997-Mar-10
                 5.003_94      1997-Mar-22
                 5.003_95      1997-Mar-25
                 5.003_96      1997-Apr-01
                 5.003_97      1997-Apr-03     Fairly widely used.
                 5.003_97a     1997-Apr-05
                 5.003_97b     1997-Apr-08
                 5.003_97c     1997-Apr-10
                 5.003_97d     1997-Apr-13
                 5.003_97e     1997-Apr-15
                 5.003_97f     1997-Apr-17
                 5.003_97g     1997-Apr-18
                 5.003_97h     1997-Apr-24
                 5.003_97i     1997-Apr-25
                 5.003_97j     1997-Apr-28
                 5.003_98      1997-Apr-30
                 5.003_99      1997-May-01
                 5.003_99a     1997-May-09
                 p54rc1        1997-May-12     Release Candidates.
                 p54rc2        1997-May-14

        Chip    5.004          1997-May-15     A major maintenance release.

        Tim      5.004_01-t1   1997-???-??     The 5.004 maintenance track.
                 5.004_01-t2   1997-Jun-11     aka perl5.004m1t2
                 5.004_04      1997-Oct-15
                 5.004_04-m1   1998-Mar-04     (5.004m5t1) Maint. trials for 5.004_05.
                 5.004_04-m2   1998-May-01
                 5.004_04-m3   1998-May-15
                 5.004_04-m4   1998-May-19
                 5.004_05-MT5  1998-Jul-21
                 5.004_05-MT6  1998-Oct-09
                 5.004_05-MT7  1998-Nov-22
                 5.004_05-MT8  1998-Dec-03
        Chip     5.004_05-MT9  1999-Apr-26
                 5.004_05      1999-Apr-29

        Malcolm  5.004_50      1997-Sep-09     The 5.005 development track.
                 5.004_51      1997-Oct-02
                 5.004_52      1997-Oct-15
                 5.004_53      1997-Oct-16
                 5.004_54      1997-Nov-14
                 5.004_55      1997-Nov-25
                 5.004_56      1997-Dec-18
                 5.004_57      1998-Feb-03
                 5.004_58      1998-Feb-06
                 5.004_59      1998-Feb-13
                 5.004_60      1998-Feb-20
                 5.004_61      1998-Feb-27
                 5.004_62      1998-Mar-06
                 5.004_63      1998-Mar-17
                 5.004_64      1998-Apr-03
                 5.004_65      1998-May-15
                 5.004_66      1998-May-29
        Sarathy  5.004_67      1998-Jun-15
                 5.004_68      1998-Jun-23
                 5.004_69      1998-Jun-29
                 5.004_70      1998-Jul-06
                 5.004_71      1998-Jul-09
                 5.004_72      1998-Jul-12
                 5.004_73      1998-Jul-13
                 5.004_74      1998-Jul-14     5.005 beta candidate.
                 5.004_75      1998-Jul-15     5.005 beta1.
                 5.004_76      1998-Jul-21     5.005 beta2.

        Sarathy  5.005         1998-Jul-22     Oneperl.

        Sarathy  5.005_01      1998-Jul-27     The 5.005 maintenance track.
                 5.005_02-T1   1998-Aug-02
                 5.005_02-T2   1998-Aug-05
                 5.005_02      1998-Aug-08
        Graham   5.005_03-MT1  1998-Nov-30
                 5.005_03-MT2  1999-Jan-04
                 5.005_03-MT3  1999-Jan-17
                 5.005_03-MT4  1999-Jan-26
                 5.005_03-MT5  1999-Jan-28
                 5.005_03-MT6  1999-Mar-05
                 5.005_03      1999-Mar-28
        Leon     5.005_04-RC1  2004-Feb-05
                 5.005_58      1999-Jul-27
                 5.005_59      1999-Aug-02
                 5.005_60      1999-Aug-02
                 5.005_61      1999-Aug-20
                 5.005_62      1999-Oct-15
                 5.005_63      1999-Dec-09
                 5.5.640       2000-Feb-02
                 5.5.650       2000-Feb-08     beta1
                 5.5.660       2000-Feb-22     beta2
                 5.5.670       2000-Feb-29     beta3
                 5.6.0-RC1     2000-Mar-09     Release candidate 1.
                 5.6.0-RC2     2000-Mar-14     Release candidate 2.
                 5.6.0-RC3     2000-Mar-21     Release candidate 3.

        Sarathy  5.6.0         2000-Mar-22

        Sarathy  5.6.1-TRIAL1  2000-Dec-18     The 5.6 maintenance track.
                 5.6.1-TRIAL2  2001-Jan-31
                 5.6.1-TRIAL3  2001-Mar-19
                 5.6.1-foolish 2001-Apr-01     The "fools-gold" release.
                 5.6.1         2001-Apr-08
        Rafael   5.6.2-RC1     2003-Nov-08
                 5.6.2         2003-Nov-15     Fix new build issues

        Jarkko   5.7.0         2000-Sep-02     The 5.7 track: Development.
                 5.7.1         2001-Apr-09
                 5.7.2         2001-Jul-13     Virtual release candidate 0.
                 5.7.3         2002-Mar-05
                 5.8.0-RC1     2002-Jun-01
                 5.8.0-RC2     2002-Jun-21
                 5.8.0-RC3     2002-Jul-13

        Jarkko   5.8.0         2002-Jul-18

        Jarkko   5.8.1-RC1     2003-Jul-10     The 5.8 maintenance track
                 5.8.1-RC2     2003-Jul-11
                 5.8.1-RC3     2003-Jul-30
                 5.8.1-RC4     2003-Aug-01
                 5.8.1-RC5     2003-Sep-22
                 5.8.1         2003-Sep-25
        Nicholas 5.8.2-RC1     2003-Oct-27
                 5.8.2-RC2     2003-Nov-03
                 5.8.2         2003-Nov-05
                 5.8.3-RC1     2004-Jan-07
                 5.8.3         2004-Jan-14
                 5.8.4-RC1     2004-Apr-05
                 5.8.4-RC2     2004-Apr-15
                 5.8.4         2004-Apr-21
                 5.8.5-RC1     2004-Jul-06
                 5.8.5-RC2     2004-Jul-08
                 5.8.5         2004-Jul-19
                 5.8.6-RC1     2004-Nov-11
                 5.8.6         2004-Nov-27
                 5.8.7-RC1     2005-May-18
                 5.9.5         2007-Jul-07
                 5.10.0-RC1    2007-Nov-17
                 5.10.0-RC2    2007-Nov-25

        Rafael   5.10.0        2007-Dec-18

        David M  5.10.1-RC1    2009-Aug-06     The 5.10 maintenance track
                 5.10.1-RC2    2009-Aug-18
                 5.10.1        2009-Aug-22

        Jesse    5.11.0        2009-Oct-02     The 5.11 development track
                 5.11.1        2009-Oct-20
        Leon     5.11.2        2009-Nov-20
        Jesse    5.11.3        2009-Dec-20
        Ricardo  5.11.4        2010-Jan-20
        Steve    5.11.5        2010-Feb-20
        Jesse    5.12.0-RC0    2010-Mar-21
                 5.12.0-RC1    2010-Mar-29
                 5.12.0-RC2    2010-Apr-01
                 5.12.0-RC3    2010-Apr-02
                 5.12.0-RC4    2010-Apr-06
                 5.12.0-RC5    2010-Apr-09

        Jesse    5.12.0        2010-Apr-12

        Jesse    5.12.1-RC2    2010-May-13     The 5.12 maintenance track
                 5.12.1-RC1    2010-May-09
                 5.12.1        2010-May-16
                 5.12.2-RC2    2010-Aug-31
                 5.12.2        2010-Sep-06
        Ricardo  5.12.3-RC1    2011-Jan-09
        Ricardo  5.12.3-RC2    2011-Jan-14
        Ricardo  5.12.3-RC3    2011-Jan-17
        Ricardo  5.12.3        2011-Jan-21

        Leon     5.13.0        2010-Apr-20     The 5.13 development track
        Ricardo  5.13.1        2010-May-20
        Matt     5.13.2        2010-Jun-22
        David G  5.13.3        2010-Jul-20
        Florian  5.13.4        2010-Aug-20
        Steve    5.13.5        2010-Sep-19
        Miyagawa 5.13.6        2010-Oct-20
        BinGOs   5.13.7        2010-Nov-20
        Zefram   5.13.8        2010-Dec-20
        Jesse    5.13.9        2011-Jan-20
        var     5.13.10       2011-Feb-20
        Florian  5.13.11       2011-Mar-20
        Jesse    5.14.0RC1     2011-Apr-20
        Jesse    5.14.0RC2     2011-May-04
        Jesse    5.14.0RC3     2011-May-11

        Jesse    5.14.0        2011-May-14     The 5.14 maintenance track
        Jesse    5.14.1        2011-Jun-16
        Florian  5.14.2-RC1    2011-Sep-19
        2.000           309  31      2   3      -    -     55   57     92   4
        2.001           312  31      2   3      -    -     55   57     94   4
        3.000           508  36     24  11      -    -     79   73    156   5
        3.044           645  37     61  20      -    -     90   74    190   6
        4.000           635  37     59  20      -    -     91   75    198   4
        4.019           680  37     85  29      -    -     98   76    199   4
        4.036           709  37     89  30      -    -     98   76    208   5
        5.000alpha2     785  50    114  32      -    -    112   86    209   5
        5.000alpha3     801  50    117  33      -    -    121   87    209   5
        5.000alpha9    1022  56    149  43    116   29    125   90    217   6
        5.000a12h       978  49    140  49    205   46    152   97    228   9
        5.000b3h       1035  53    232  70    216   38    162   94    218  21
        5.000          1038  53    250  76    216   38    154   92    536  62
        5.001m         1071  54    388  82    240   38    159   95    544  29
        5.002          1121  54    661 101    287   43    155   94    847  35
        5.003          1129  54    680 102    291   43    166  100    853  35
        5.003_07       1231  60    748 106    396   53    213  137    976  39
        5.004          1351  60   1230 136    408   51    355  161   1587  55
        5.004_01       1356  60   1258 138    410   51    358  161   1587  55
        5.004_04       1375  60   1294 139    413   51    394  162   1629  55
        5.004_05       1463  60   1435 150    394   50    445  175   1855  59
        5.004_51       1401  61   1260 140    413   53    358  162   1594  56
        5.004_53       1422  62   1295 141    438   70    394  162   1637  56
        5.004_56       1501  66   1301 140    447   74    408  165   1648  57
        5.004_59       1555  72   1317 142    448   74    424  171   1678  58
        5.004_62       1602  77   1327 144    629   92    428  173   1674  58
        5.004_65       1626  77   1358 146    615   92    446  179   1698  60
        5.004_68       1856  74   1382 152    619   92    463  187   1784  60
        5.004_70       1863  75   1456 154    675   92    494  194   1809  60
        5.004_73       1874  76   1467 152    762  102    506  196   1883  61
        5.004_75       1877  76   1467 152    770  103    508  196   1896  62
        5.005          1896  76   1469 152    795  103    509  197   1945  63
        5.005_03       1936  77   1541 153    813  104    551  201   2176  72
        5.005_50       1969  78   1842 301    795  103    514  198   1948  63
        5.005_53       1999  79   1885 303    806  104    602  224   2002  67
        5.005_56       2086  79   1970 307    866  113    672  238   2221  75
        5.6.0          2820  79   2626 364   1096  129    863  280   2840  93
        5.6.1          2946  78   2921 430   1171  132   1024  304   3330 102
        5.6.2          2947  78   3143 451   1247  127   1303  387   3406 102
        5.7.0          2977  80   2801 425   1250  132    975  307   3206 100
        5.7.1          3351  84   3442 455   1944  167   1334  357   3698 124
        5.7.2          3491  87   4858 618   3290  298   1598  449   3910 139
        5.7.3          3299  85   4295 537   2196  300   2176  626   4171 120
        5.8.0          3489  87   4533 585   2437  331   2588  726   4368 125
        5.8.1          3674  90   5104 623   2604  353   2983  836   4625 134
        5.8.2          3633  90   5111 623   2623  357   3019  848   4634 135
        5.8.3          3625  90   5141 624   2660  363   3083  869   4669 136
        5.8.4          3653  90   5170 634   2684  368   3148  885   4689 137
        5.8.5          3664  90   4260 303   2707  369   3208  898   4689 138
        5.8.6          3690  90   4271 303   3141  396   3411  925   4709 139
        5.8.7          3788  90   4322 307   3297  401   3485  964   4744 141
        5.8.8          3895  90   4357 314   3409  431   3622 1017   4979 144
        5.8.9          4132  93   5508 330   3826  529   4364 1234   5348 152
        5.9.0          3657  90   4951 626   2603  354   3011  841   4609 135

       The "core"..."doc" mean the following files from the Perl source code
       distribution.  The glob notation ** means recursively, (.) means
       regular files.

        core   *.[hcy]
        lib    lib/**/*.p[ml]
        ext    ext/**/*.{[hcyt],xs,pm} (for -5.10.1) or
               {dist,ext,cpan}/**/*.{[hcyt],xs,pm} (for 5.12.0-)
        t      t/**/*(.) (for 1-5.005_56) or **/*.t (for 5.6.0-5.7.3)
        doc    {README*,INSTALL,*[_.]man{,.?},pod/**/*.pod}

       Here are some statistics for the other subdirectories and one file in
       the Perl source distribution for somewhat more selected releases.

        ======================================================================
          Legend:  kB   #

                         1.014      2.001      3.044

        Configure      31    1    37    1    62    1
        eg              -    -    34   28    47   39
        h2pl            -    -     -    -    12   12
        msdos           -    -     -    -    41   13
        os2             -    -     -    -    63   22
        usub            -    -     -    -    21   16
        x2p           103   17   104   17   137   17

        ======================================================================

                         4.000      4.019      4.036

        atarist         -    -     -    -   113   31
        Configure      73    1    83    1    86    1
        eg             47   39    47   39    47   39
        emacs          67    4    67    4    67    4
        h2pl           12   12    12   12    12   12
        hints           -    -     5   42    11   56
        msdos          57   15    58   15    60   15
        os2            81   29    81   29   113   31
        usub           25    7    43    8    43    8
        x2p           147   18   152   19   154   19

        ======================================================================

                       5.000a2  5.000a12h   5.000b3h      5.000     5.001m

        apollo          8    3     8    3     8    3     8    3     8    3
        atarist       113   31   113   31     -    -     -    -     -    -
        bench           -    -     0    1     -    -     -    -     -    -
        Bugs            2    5    26    1     -    -     -    -     -    -
        dlperl         40    5     -    -     -    -     -    -     -    -
        do            127   71     -    -     -    -     -    -     -    -
        Configure       -    -   153    1   159    1   160    1   180    1
        Doc             -    -    26    1    75    7    11    1    11    1

                         5.002      5.003   5.003_07

        Configure     201    1   201    1   217    1
        eg             54   44    54   44    54   44
        emacs         108    1   108    1   143    1
        h2pl           12   12    12   12    12   12
        hints          73   59    77   60    90   62
        os2            84   17    56   10   117   42
        plan9           -    -     -    -    79   15
        Porting         -    -     -    -    51    1
        utils          87    7    88    7    97    7
        vms           500   24   475   26   505   27
        x2p           280   20   280   20   280   19

        ======================================================================

                         5.004   5.004_04   5.004_62   5.004_65   5.004_68

        beos            -    -     -    -     -    -      1   1      1   1
        Configure     225    1   225    1   240    1    248   1    256   1
        cygwin32       23    5    23    5    23    5     24   5     24   5
        djgpp           -    -     -    -    14    5     14   5     14   5
        eg             81   62    81   62    81   62     81  62     81  62
        emacs         194    1   204    1   212    2    212   2    212   2
        h2pl           12   12    12   12    12   12     12  12     12  12
        hints         129   69   132   71   144   72    151  74    155  74
        os2           121   42   127   42   127   44    129  44    129  44
        plan9          82   15    82   15    82   15     82  15     82  15
        Porting        94    2   109    4   203    6    234   8    241   9
        qnx             1    2     1    2     1    2      1   2      1   2
        utils         112    8   118    8   124    8    156   9    159   9
        vms           518   34   524   34   538   34    569  34    569  34
        win32         285   33   378   36   470   39    493  39    575  41
        x2p           281   19   281   19   281   19    282  19    281  19

        ======================================================================

                      5.004_70   5.004_73   5.004_75      5.005   5.005_03

        apollo          -    -     -    -     -    -     -    -      0   1
        beos            1    1     1    1     1    1     1    1      1   1
        Configure     256    1   256    1   264    1   264    1    270   1
        cygwin32       24    5    24    5    24    5    24    5     24   5
        djgpp          14    5    14    5    14    5    14    5     15   5
        eg             86   65    86   65    86   65    86   65     86  65
        emacs         262    2   262    2   262    2   262    2    274   2
        h2pl           12   12    12   12    12   12    12   12     12  12
        hints         157   74   157   74   159   74   160   74    179  77
        mint            -    -     -    -     -    -     -    -      4   7
        mpeix           -    -     -    -     5    3     5    3      5   3
        os2           129   44   139   44   142   44   143   44    148  44
        plan9          82   15    82   15    82   15    82   15     82  15
        Porting       241    9   253    9   259   10   264   12    272  13
        beos            5    2     5    2     5    2     6    4
        Configure     346    1   361    1   363    1   394    1
        Cross           -    -     -    -     -    -     4    2
        djgpp          19    6    19    6    19    6    21    7
        eg            112   71   112   71   112   71     -    -
        emacs         303    4   319    4   319    4   319    4
        epoc           29    8    35    8    35    8    36    8
        h2pl           24   15    24   15    24   15    24   15
        hints         242   83   250   84   321   89   272   87
        mint           11    9    11    9    11    9    11    9
        mpeix           9    4     9    4     9    4     9    4
        NetWare         -    -     -    -     -    -   423   57
        os2           214   59   224   60   224   60   357   66
        plan9          92   17    92   17    92   17    85   15
        Porting       361   15   390   16   390   16   425   21
        qnx             5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3
        utils         228   12   221   11   222   11   267   13
        uts             -    -     -    -     -    -    12    3
        vmesa          25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4
        vms           686   38   627   38   627   38   649   36
        vos           227   12   249   15   248   15   281   17
        win32         755   41   782   42   801   42  1006   50
        x2p           307   20   307   20   307   20   345   20

        ======================================================================

                         5.8.0      5.8.1      5.8.2      5.8.3      5.8.4

        apollo          8    3     8    3     8    3     8    3     8    3
        beos            6    4     6    4     6    4     6    4     6    4
        Configure     472    1   493    1   493    1   493    1   494    1
        Cross           4    2    45   10    45   10    45   10    45   10
        djgpp          21    7    21    7    21    7    21    7    21    7
        emacs         319    4   329    4   329    4   329    4   329    4
        epoc           33    8    33    8    33    8    33    8    33    8
        h2pl           24   15    24   15    24   15    24   15    24   15
        hints         294   88   321   89   321   89   321   89   348   91
        mint           11    9    11    9    11    9    11    9    11    9
        mpeix          24    5    25    5    25    5    25    5    25    5
        NetWare       488   61   490   61   490   61   490   61   488   61
        os2           361   66   445   67   450   67   488   67   488   67
        plan9          85   15   325   17   325   17   325   17   321   17
        Porting       479   22   537   32   538   32   539   32   538   33
        qnx             5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3
        utils         275   15   258   16   258   16   263   19   263   19
        uts            12    3    12    3    12    3    12    3    12    3
        vmesa          25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4
        vms           648   36   654   36   654   36   656   36   656   36
        vos           330   20   335   20   335   20   335   20   335   20
        win32        1062   49  1125   49  1127   49  1126   49  1181   56
        x2p           347   20   348   20   348   20   348   20   348   20

        ======================================================================

        mpeix          25    5    25    5    25    5    49    6    49    6
        NetWare       488   61   488   61   488   61   490   61   491   61
        os2           488   67   488   67   488   67   488   67   552   70
        plan9         321   17   321   17   321   17   322   17   324   17
        Porting       538   34   548   35   549   35   564   37   625   41
        qnx             5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3
        utils         265   19   265   19   266   19   267   19   281   21
        uts            12    3    12    3    12    3    12    3    12    3
        vmesa          25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4
        vms           657   36   658   36   662   36   664   36   716   35
        vos           335   20   335   20   335   20   336   21   345   22
        win32        1183   56  1190   56  1199   56  1219   56  1484   68
        x2p           349   20   349   20   349   20   349   19   350   19

        ======================================================================

                         5.9.0      5.9.1      5.9.2      5.9.3      5.9.4

        apollo          8    3     8    3     8    3     8    3     8    3
        beos            6    4     6    4     8    4     8    4     8    4
        Configure     493    1   493    1   495    1   508    1   512    1
        Cross          45   10    45   10    45   10    45   10    46   10
        djgpp          21    7    21    7    21    7    21    7    21    7
        emacs         329    4   329    4   329    4   329    4   329    4
        epoc           33    8    33    8    33    8    34    8    34    8
        h2pl           24   15    24   15    24   15    24   15    24   15
        hints         321   89   346   91   355   94   359   94   366   96
        mad             -    -     -    -     -    -     -    -   174    6
        mint           11    9    11    9    11    9    11    9    11    9
        mpeix          25    5    25    5    25    5    49    6    49    6
        NetWare       489   61   487   61   487   61   489   61   489   61
        os2           444   67   488   67   488   67   488   67   488   67
        plan9         325   17   321   17   321   17   322   17   323   17
        Porting       537   32   536   33   549   36   564   38   576   38
        qnx             5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3     5    3
        symbian         -    -     -    -     -    -   293   53   293   53
        utils         258   16   263   19   268   20   273   23   275   24
        uts            12    3    12    3    12    3    12    3    12    3
        vmesa          25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4    25    4
        vms           660   36   547   33   553   33   661   33   696   33
        vos            11    7    11    7    11    7    11    7    11    7
        win32        1120   49  1124   51  1191   56  1209   56  1719   90
        x2p           348   20   348   20   349   20   349   19   349   19

        ======================================================================

                         5.9.5     5.10.0     5.10.1     5.12.0     5.12.1

        apollo          8    3     8    3     0    3     0    3     0    3
        beos            8    4     8    4     4    4     4    4     4    4
        Configure     518    1   518    1   533    1   536    1   536    1
        Cross         122   15   122   15   119   15   118   15   118   15
        djgpp          21    7    21    7    17    7    17    7    17    7
        emacs         329    4   406    4   402    4   402    4   402    4
        utils         260   26   264   27   268   27   269   27   269   27
        uts            12    3    12    3     8    3     8    3     8    3
        vmesa          25    4    25    4    21    4    21    4    21    4
        vms           690   32   722   32   693   30   645   18   645   18
        vos            19    8    19    8    16    8    16    8    16    8
        win32        1482   68  1485   68  1497   70  1841   73  1841   73
        x2p           349   19   349   19   345   19   345   19   345   19

        ======================================================================

                         5.12.2     5.12.3

        apollo          0    3     0    3
        beos            4    4     4    4
        Configure     536    1   536    1
        Cross         118   15   118   15
        djgpp          17    7    17    7
        emacs         402    4   402    4
        epoc           31    8    31    8
        h2pl           12   15    12   15
        hints         368   97   368   97
        mad           174    8   174    8
        mpeix          45    6    45    6
        NetWare       466   61   466   61
        os2           507   70   507   70
        plan9         316   17   316   17
        Porting       750   54   750   54
        qnx             1    4     1    4
        symbian       288   54   288   54
        utils         269   27   269   27
        uts             8    3     8    3
        vmesa          21    4    21    4
        vms           646   18   644   18
        vos            16    8    16    8
        win32        1841   73  1841   73
        x2p           345   19   345   19

   SELECTED PATCH SIZES
       The "diff lines kB" means that for example the patch 5.003_08, to be
       applied on top of the 5.003_07 (or whatever was before the 5.003_08)
       added lines for 110 kilobytes, it removed lines for 19 kilobytes, and
       changed lines for 424 kilobytes.  Just the lines themselves are
       counted, not their context.  The "+ - !" become from the diff(1)
       context diff output format.

        Pump-  Release         Date              diff lines kB
        king                                     -------------
                                                 +     -     !
        ======================================================================

        Chip     5.003_08      1996-Nov-19     110    19   424
                 5.003_09      1996-Nov-26      38     9   248
                 5.003_10      1996-Nov-29      29     2    27
                 5.003_11      1996-Dec-06      73    12   165
                 5.003_24      1997-Jan-29     426     1    20
                 5.003_25      1997-Feb-04      21     8   169
                 5.003_26      1997-Feb-10      16     1    15
                 5.003_27      1997-Feb-18      32    10    38
                 5.003_28      1997-Feb-21      58     4    66
                 5.003_90      1997-Feb-25      22     2    34
                 5.003_91      1997-Mar-01      37     1    39
                 5.003_92      1997-Mar-06      16     3    69
                 5.003_93      1997-Mar-10      12     3    15
                 5.003_94      1997-Mar-22     407     7   200
                 5.003_95      1997-Mar-25      41     1    37
                 5.003_96      1997-Apr-01     283     5   261
                 5.003_97      1997-Apr-03      13     2    34
                 5.003_97a     1997-Apr-05      57     1    27
                 5.003_97b     1997-Apr-08      14     1    20
                 5.003_97c     1997-Apr-10      20     1    16
                 5.003_97d     1997-Apr-13       8     0    16
                 5.003_97e     1997-Apr-15      15     4    46
                 5.003_97f     1997-Apr-17       7     1    33
                 5.003_97g     1997-Apr-18       6     1    42
                 5.003_97h     1997-Apr-24      23     3    68
                 5.003_97i     1997-Apr-25      23     1    31
                 5.003_97j     1997-Apr-28      36     1    49
                 5.003_98      1997-Apr-30     171    12   539
                 5.003_99      1997-May-01       6     0     7
                 5.003_99a     1997-May-09      36     2    61
                 p54rc1        1997-May-12       8     1    11
                 p54rc2        1997-May-14       6     0    40

               5.004           1997-May-15       4     0     4

        Tim      5.004_01      1997-Jun-13     222    14    57
                 5.004_02      1997-Aug-07     112    16   119
                 5.004_03      1997-Sep-05     109     0    17
                 5.004_04      1997-Oct-15      66     8   173

       The patch-free era

       In more modern times, named releases don't come as often, and as
       progress can be followed (nearly) instantly (with rsync, and since late
       2008, git) patches between versions are no longer provided. However,
       that doesn't keep us from calculating how large a patch could have
       been. Which is shown in the table below. Unless noted otherwise, the
       size mentioned is the patch to bring version x.y.z to x.y.z+1.

        Sarathy  5.6.1         2001-Apr-08     531    44   651
        Rafael   5.6.2         2003-Nov-15      20    11  1819

        Jarkko   5.8.0         2002-Jul-18    1205    31   471   From 5.7.3

                 5.8.1         2003-Sep-25     243   102  6162
        Nicholas 5.8.2         2003-Nov-05      10    50   788
                 5.8.3         2004-Jan-14      31    13   360
                 5.8.4         2004-Apr-21      33     8   299

                 5.10.0        2007-Dec-18      50    31 13111   From 5.9.5

THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS
       Jarkko Hietaniemi <jhi@iki.fi>.

       Thanks to the collective memory of the Perlfolk.  In addition to the
       Keepers of the Pumpkin also Alan Champion, Mark Dominus, Andreas
       Koenig, John Macdonald, Matthias Neeracher, Jeff Okamoto, Michael
       Peppler, Randal Schwartz, and Paul D. Smith sent corrections and
       additions. Abigail added file and patch size data for the 5.6.0 - 5.10
       era.



perl v5.14.2                      2011-09-26                       PERLHIST(1)
Man Pages Copyright Respective Owners. Site Copyright (C) 1994 - 2017 Hurricane Electric. All Rights Reserved.