This document describes differences between the 5.13.2 release and the
If you are upgrading from an earlier release such as 5.10, first read
perl5120delta, which describes differences between 5.10 and 5.12.
localised tied scalars are tied again.
The change in behaviour in 5.13.1 of localising tied scalar values has
been reverted to the existing 5.12.0 and earlier behaviour (the change
for arrays and hashes remains).
Naming fixes in Policy_sh.SH may invalidate Policy.sh
Several long-standing typos and naming confusions in Policy_sh.SH have
been fixed, standardizing on the variable names used in config.sh.
This will change the behavior of Policy.sh if you happen to have been
accidentally relying on the Policy.sh incorrect behavior. We'd
appreciate feedback from anyone using Policy.sh to be sure nothing is
broken by this change (c1bd23).
Stashes are now always defined
"defined %Foo::" now always returns true, even when no symbols have yet
been defined in that package.
This is a side effect of removing a special case kludge in the
tokeniser, added for 5.10.0, to hide side effects of changes to the
internal storage of hashes that to drastically reduce their memory
Calling defined on a stash has been deprecated since 5.6.0, warned on
lexicals since 5.6.0, and has warned for stashes (and other package
variables) since 5.12.0. "defined %hash" has always exposed an
implementation detail - emptying a hash by deleting all entries from it
does not make "defined %hash" false, hence "defined %hash" is not valid
code to determine whether an arbitrary hash is empty. Instead, use the
behaviour that an empty %hash always returns false in a scalar context.
The substitution operator now supports a "/r" option that copies the
input variable, carries out the substitution on the copy and returns
the result. The original remains unmodified.
my $old = 'cat';
my $new = $old =~ s/cat/dog/r;
# $old is 'cat' and $new is 'dog'
This is particularly useful with "map". See perlop for more examples
package block syntax
perl -h no longer recommends -w
perl -h used to mark the -w option as recommended; since this option is
far less useful than it used to be due to lexical 'use warnings' and
since perl -h is primary a list and brief explanation of the command
line switches, the recommendation has now been removed (60eaec).
Modules and Pragmata
Locale::Country, Locale::Language and Locale::Currency were updated
from 3.12 to 3.13 of the Locale-Codes distribution to include locale
code changes (e1137b).
Added new methods ->down_nb() and ->down_force() at the suggestion of
Refactored methods to skip argument validation when no argument is
o release 1.94_57
o bugfix: treat modules correctly that are deprecated in perl 5.12.
o bugfix: RT #57482 and #57788 revealed that configure_requires
implicitly assumed build_requires instead of normal requires.
(Reported by Andrew Whatson and Father Chrysostomos respectively)
o testfix: solaris should run the tests without expect because
(some?) solaris have a broken expect
o testfix: run tests with cache_metadata off to prevent spill over
effects from previous test runs
Hash::Util warning fix
Hash::Util now enables "no warnings 'uninitialized'" to suppress
spurious warnings from undefined hash values (RT #74280).
B::Deparse now handles 'no VERSION'
The 'no 5.13.2' or similar form is now correctly handled by B::Deparse.
IO::Socket doc additions
Multiple POD spelling fixes.
Fixes were made to VMS::DCLsym, mro, Search::Dist, B::t::OptreeCheck
Changes to Existing Documentation
Replace wrong tr/// table in perlebcdic.pod
perlebcdic.pod contains a helpful table to use in tr/// to convert
between EBCDIC and Latin1/ASCII. Unfortunately, the table was the
inverse of the one it describes, though the code that used the table
worked correctly for the specific example given.
The table has been changed to its inverse, and the sample code changed
to correspond, as this is easier for the person trying to follow the
instructions since deriving the old table is somewhat more complicated.
The table has also been changed to hex from octal, as that is more the
norm these days, and the recipes in the pod altered to print out
leading zeros to make all the values the same length, as the table that
they can generate has them (5f26d5).
Document tricks for user-defined casing
perlunicode.pod now contains an explanation of how to override, mangle
and otherwise tweak the way perl handles upper, lower and other case
conversions on unicode data, and how to provide scoped changes to alter
one's own code's behaviour without stomping on anybody else (71648f).
Document $# and $* as removed and clarify $#array usage
$# and $* were both disabled as of perl5 version 10; this release adds
documentation to that effect, a description of the results of
continuing to try and use them, and a note explaining that $# can also
function as a sigil in the $#array form (7f315d2).
INSTALL explicitly states the requirement for C89
This was already true but it's now Officially Stated For The Record
No longer advertise Math::TrulyRandom
This module hasn't been updated since 1996 so we can't recommend it any
perlfaq synchronised to upstream
The FAQ has been updated to commit
37550b8f812e591bcd0dd869d61677dac5bda92c from the perlfaq repository at
Only allocate entries for @_ on demand - this not only saves memory per
subroutine defined but should hopefully improve COW behaviour (77bac2).
Multiple small improvements to threads
The internal structures of threading now make fewer API calls and fewer
allocations, resulting in noticeably smaller object code. Additionally,
many thread context checks have been deferred so that they're only done
The order of structure elements in SV bodies has changed. Effectively,
the NV slot has swapped location with STASH and MAGIC. As all access to
SV members is via macros, this should be completely transparent. This
change allows the space saving for PVHVs documented above, and may
reduce the memory allocation needed for PVIVs on some architectures.
Optimisation of regexp engine string comparison work
The foldEQ_utf8 API function for case-insensitive comparison of strings
(which is used heavily by the regexp engine) was substantially
refactored and optimised - and its documentation much improved as a
free bonus gift (8b3587, e6226b).
Memory consumption improvements to Exporter
The @EXPORT_FAIL AV is no longer created unless required, hence neither
is the typeglob backing it - this saves about 200 bytes per Exporter
using package that doesn't use this functionality.
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Fix CCINCDIR and CCLIBDIR for mingw64 cross compiler to correctly be
under $(CCHOME)\mingw\include and \lib rather than immediately below
This means the 'incpath', 'libpth', 'ldflags', 'lddlflags' and
'ldflags_nolargefiles' values in Config.pm and Config_heavy.pl are now
set correctly (23ae7f).
Selected Bug Fixes
o Timely cleanup of SVs that are cloned into a new thread but then
discovered to be orphaned (i.e. their owners are -not- cloned)
o Don't accidentally clone lexicals in scope within active stack
frames in the parent when creating a child thread (RT #73086)
o Avoid loading feature.pm when 'no 5.13.2;' or similar is
o Trap invalid use of SvIVX on SVt_REGEXP when assertions are on
o Don't stamp on $DB::single, $DB::trace and $DB::signal if they
already have values when $^P is assigned to (RT #72422) (4c0f30).
o chop now correctly handles perl's extended UTF-8 (RT #73246)
o Defer signal handling when shared SV locks are held to avoid
deadlocks (RT #74868) (65c742).
o glob() no longer crashes when %File::Glob:: is empty and
CORE::GLOBAL::glob isn't present (4984aa).
calling FETCH correctly (RT #8438) (7c7501)
o The implementation of sv_dup_inc() has changed from a macro to a
o The "find_rundefsvoffset" function has been deprecated. It appeared
that its design was insufficient to reliably get the lexical $_ at
Use the new "find_rundefsv" function or the "UNDERBAR" macro
instead. They directly return the right SV representing $_,
whether it's lexical or dynamic (789bd8 .. 03d5bc).
o The following new functions or macros have been added to the public
API: "SvNV_nomg", "sv_2nv_flags", "find_rundefsv".
o The "UNDERBAR" macro now calls "find_rundefsv". "dUNDERBAR" is now
a noop but should still be used to ensure past and future
o The ibcmp_* functions have been renamed and are now called foldEQ,
foldEQ_locale and foldEQ_utf8 (e6226b).
The following items are now deprecated.
o Omitting a space between a regex pattern or pattern modifiers and
the following word is deprecated. For example, "m/foo/sand $bar"
will still be parsed as "m/foo/s and $bar" but will issue a
Platform Specific Notes
Recent OpenBSDs now use perl's malloc
OpenBSD > 3.7 has a new malloc implementation which is mmap based and
as such can release memory back to the OS; however for perl using this
malloc causes a substantial slowdown so we now default to using perl's
malloc instead (RT #75742) (9b58b5).
Perl 5.13.2 represents thirty days of development since Perl 5.13.1
(and two days of waiting around while the release manager remembered
where he left his brain) and contains 3685 lines of changes across 194
files from 30 authors and committers.
Thank you to the following for contributing to this release:
Abigail, Andreas J. Koenig, Chas. Owens, Chris 'BinGOs' Williams, Craig
A. Berry, David Caldwell, David Golden, David Mitchell, Father
Chrysostomos, George Greer, H.Merijn Brand, Jerry D. Hedden, Karl
Williamson, Maik Hentsche, Matt S Trout, Nicholas Clark, Rafael Garcia-
Suarez, Ricardo Signes, Salvador Fandino, Salvador Ortiz Garcia, Shlomi
Fish, Sinan Unur, Sisyphus, Slaven Rezic, Sullivan Beck, Tony Cook,
Vincent Pit, Zefram, brian d foy, var Arnfjoer` Bjarmason
If you believe you have an unreported bug, please run the perlbug
program included with your release. Be sure to trim your bug down to a
tiny but sufficient test case. Your bug report, along with the output
of "perl -V", will be sent off to email@example.com to be analysed by
the Perl porting team.
If the bug you are reporting has security implications, which make it
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a resolution, and help co-ordinate the release of patches to mitigate
or fix the problem across all platforms on which Perl is supported.
Please only use this address for security issues in the Perl core, not
for modules independently distributed on CPAN.
The Changes file for an explanation of how to view exhaustive details
on what changed.
The INSTALL file for how to build Perl.
The README file for general stuff.
The Artistic and Copying files for copyright information.
perl v5.14.2 2011-09-26 PERL5132DELTA(1)
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