output of SHOW DATABASES, SHOW TABLES (or SHOW TABLE STATUS), SHOW COL-
UMNS and SHOW INDEX.
This is version 1.1.
mysql_tableinfo [OPTIONS] database_to_write [database_like_wild] [table_like_wild]
Do not backquote (``) database_to_write,
and do not quote ('') database_like_wild or table_like_wild
mysql_tableinfo info this_db
mysql_tableinfo info %a% b%
mysql_tableinfo info --clear-only
mysql_tableinfo info --col --idx --table-status
mysql_tableinfo asks a MySQL server information about its databases,
tables, table columns and index, and stores this in tables called `db`,
`tbl` (or `tbl_status`), `col`, `idx` (with an optional prefix speci-
fied with --prefix). After that, you can query these information
tables, for example to build your admin scripts with SQL queries, like
SELECT CONCAT("CHECK TABLE ",`database`,".",`table`," EXTENDED;") FROM
info.tbl WHERE ... ;
as people usually do with some other RDBMS (note: to increase the speed
of your queries on the info tables, you may add some index on them).
The database_like_wild and table_like_wild instructs the program to
gather information only about databases and tables whose names match
these patterns. If the info tables already exist, their rows matching
the patterns are simply deleted and replaced by the new ones. That is,
old rows not matching the patterns are not touched. If the data-
base_like_wild and table_like_wild arguments are not specified on the
command-line they default to "%".
The program :
- does CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS database_to_write where data-
base_to_write is the database name specified on the command-line.
- does CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS database_to_write.`db`
- fills database_to_write.`db` with the output of SHOW DATABASES LIKE
SHOW COLUMNS FROM found_tbl FROM found_db
- if the --idx option is on,
* does CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS database_to_write.`idx`
* for every found table,
fills database_to_write.`idx` with the output of
SHOW INDEX FROM found_tbl FROM found_db
Some options may modify this general scheme (see below).
As mentioned, the contents of the info tables are the output of SHOW
commands. In fact the contents are slightly more complete :
- the `tbl` (or `tbl_status`) info table
has an extra column which contains the database name,
- the `col` info table
has an extra column which contains the table name,
and an extra column which contains, for each described column,
the number of this column in the table owning it (this extra column
is called `Seq_in_table`). `Seq_in_table` makes it possible for you
to retrieve your columns in sorted order, when you are querying
the `col` table.
- the `index` info table
has an extra column which contains the database name.
Caution: info tables contain certain columns (e.g. Database, Table,
Null...) whose names, as they are MySQL reserved words, need to be
backquoted (`...`) when used in SQL statements.
Caution: as information fetching and info tables filling happen at the
same time, info tables may contain inaccurate information about them-
Does DROP TABLE on the info tables (only those that the program is
going to fill, for example if you do not use --col it won't drop
the `col` table) and processes normally. Does not drop data-
Same as --clear but exits after the DROPs.
Adds columns information (into table `col`).
Adds index information (into table `idx`).
The info tables are named from the concatenation of prefix and,
respectively, db, tbl (or tbl_status), col, idx. Do not quote ('')
user for database login if not current user. Give a user who has
sufficient privileges (CREATE, ...).
-p, --password=# (INSECURE)
password to use when connecting to server. WARNING: Providing a
password on command line is insecure as it is visible through /proc
to anyone for a short time.
host to connect to
port to use when connecting to server
UNIX domain socket to use when connecting to server
This software is free and comes without warranty of any kind. You
should never trust backup software without studying the code yourself.
Study the code inside this script and only rely on it if you believe
that it does the right thing for you.
Patches adding bug fixes, documentation and new features are welcome.
Use extended inserts to be faster (for servers with many databases or
tables). But to do that, must care about net-buffer-length.
2002-06-18 Guilhem Bichot (email@example.com)
And all the authors of mysqlhotcopy, which served as a model for the
structure of the program.
perl v5.8.0 2003-04-05 MYSQL_TABLEINFO(1)
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