mysql_secure_installation

MYSQL_SECURE_INSTALLATION(1) MySQL Database SystemMYSQL_SECURE_INSTALLATION(1)

NAME
       mysql_secure_installation - improve MySQL installation security

SYNOPSIS
       mysql_secure_installation

DESCRIPTION
       This program enables you to improve the security of your MySQL
       installation in the following ways:

       o   You can set a password for root accounts.

       o   You can remove root accounts that are accessible from outside the
           local host.

       o   You can remove anonymous-user accounts.

       o   You can remove the test database (which by default can be accessed
           by all users, even anonymous users), and privileges that permit
           anyone to access databases with names that start with test_.

       mysql_secure_installation helps you implement security recommendations
       similar to those described at Section 2.10.4, "Securing the Initial
       MySQL Account".

       Normal usage is to connect to the local MySQL server; invoke
       mysql_secure_installation without arguments:

           shell> mysql_secure_installation

       When executed, mysql_secure_installation prompts you to determine which
       actions to perform.

       The validate_password plugin can be used for password strength
       checking. If the plugin is not installed, mysql_secure_installation
       prompts the user whether to install it. Any passwords entered later are
       checked using the plugin if it is enabled.

       Most of the usual MySQL client options such as --host and --port can be
       used on the command line and in option files. For example, to connect
       to the local server over IPv6 using port 3307, use this command:

           shell> mysql_secure_installation --host=::1 --port=3307

       mysql_secure_installation supports the following options, which can be
       specified on the command line or in the [mysql_secure_installation] and
       [client] groups of an option file. For information about option files
       used by MySQL programs, see Section 4.2.2.2, "Using Option Files".

       o   --help, -?  Display a help message and exit.

       o   --defaults-extra-file=file_name Read this option file after the
           global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. If
           the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error
           occurs.  file_name is interpreted relative to the current directory
           if given as a relative path name rather than a full path name.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --defaults-file=file_name Use only the given option file. If the
           file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
           file_name is interpreted relative to the current directory if given
           as a relative path name rather than a full path name.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --defaults-group-suffix=str Read not only the usual option groups,
           but also groups with the usual names and a suffix of str. For
           example, mysql_secure_installation normally reads the [client] and
           [mysql_secure_installation] groups. If the
           --defaults-group-suffix=_other option is given,
           mysql_secure_installation also reads the [client_other] and
           [mysql_secure_installation_other] groups.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --host=host_name, -h host_name Connect to the MySQL server on the
           given host.

       o   --no-defaults Do not read any option files. If program startup
           fails due to reading unknown options from an option file,
           --no-defaults can be used to prevent them from being read.

           The exception is that the .mylogin.cnf file, if it exists, is read
           in all cases. This permits passwords to be specified in a safer way
           than on the command line even when --no-defaults is used.
           (.mylogin.cnf is created by the mysql_config_editor utility. See
           mysql_config_editor(1).)

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --password=password, -p password This option is accepted but
           ignored. Whether or not this option is used,
           mysql_secure_installation always prompts the user for a password.

       o   --port=port_num, -P port_num For TCP/IP connections, the port
           number to use.

       o   --print-defaults Print the program name and all options that it
           gets from option files.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY} The transport protocol to use
           for connecting to the server. It is useful when the other
           connection parameters normally result in use of a protocol other
           than the one you want. For details on the permissible values, see
           Section 4.2.5, "Connection Transport Protocols".

       o   --socket=path, -S path For connections to localhost, the Unix
           socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to
           use.

           On Windows, this option applies only if the server was started with
           the named_pipe system variable enabled to support named-pipe
           connections. In addition, the user making the connection must be a
           member of the Windows group specified by the
           named_pipe_full_access_group system variable.

       o   --ssl* Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to
           the server using SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and
           certificates. See the section called "Command Options for Encrypted
           Connections".

       o   --tls-version=protocol_list The permissible TLS protocols for
           encrypted connections. The value is a list of one or more
           comma-separated protocol names. The protocols that can be named for
           this option depend on the SSL library used to compile MySQL. For
           details, see Section 6.3.2, "Encrypted Connection TLS Protocols and
           Ciphers".

           This option was added in MySQL 5.7.10.

       o   --use-default Execute noninteractively. This option can be used for
           unattended installation operations.

       o   --user=user_name, -u user_name The user name of the MySQL account
           to use for connecting to the server.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1997, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

SEE ALSO
       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at
       http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

AUTHOR
       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).

MySQL 5.7                         12/10/2020      MYSQL_SECURE_INSTALLATION(1)
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