mysql_install_db

MYSQL_INSTALL_DB(1)          MySQL Database System         MYSQL_INSTALL_DB(1)

NAME
       mysql_install_db - initialize MySQL data directory

SYNOPSIS
       mysql_install_db [options]

DESCRIPTION
           Note
           mysql_install_db is deprecated as of MySQL 5.7.6 because its
           functionality has been integrated into mysqld, the MySQL server. To
           initialize a MySQL installation, invoke mysqld with the
           --initialize or --initialize-insecure option. For more information,
           see Section 2.10.1, "Initializing the Data Directory". You should
           expect mysql_install_db to be removed in a future MySQL release.

       mysql_install_db handles initialization tasks that must be performed
       before the MySQL server, mysqld, is ready to use:

       o   It initializes the MySQL data directory and creates the system
           tables that it contains.

       o   It initializes the system tablespace and related data structures
           needed to manage InnoDB tables.

       o   It loads the server-side help tables.

       o   It installs the sys schema.

       o   It creates an administrative account. Older versions of
           mysql_install_db may create anonymous-user accounts.
       Secure-by-Default Deployment

       Current versions of mysql_install_db produce a MySQL deployment that is
       secure by default, with these characteristics:

       o   A single administrative account named 'root'@'localhost' is created
           with a randomly generated password, which is marked expired.

       o   No anonymous-user accounts are created.

       o   No test database accessible by all users is created.

       o   --admin-xxx options are available to control characteristics of the
           administrative account.

       o   The --random-password-file option is available to control where the
           random password is written.

       o   The --insecure option is available to suppress random password
           generation.

       If mysql_install_db generates a random administative password, it
       writes the password to a file and displays the file name. The password
       entry includes a timestamp to indicate when it was written. By default,
       the file is .mysql_secret in the home directory of the effective user
       running the script.  .mysql_secret is created with mode 600 to be
       accessible only to the operating system user for whom it is created.

           Important
           When mysql_install_db generates a random password for the
           administrative account, it is necessary after mysql_install_db has
           been run to start the server, connect using the administrative
           account with the password written to the .mysql_secret file, and
           specify a new administrative password. Until this is done, the
           administrative account cannot be used for anything else. To change
           the password, you can use the SET PASSWORD statement (for example,
           with the mysql or mysqladmin client). After resetting the password,
           remove the .mysql_secret file; otherwise, if you run
           mysql_secure_installation, that command may see the file and expire
           the root password again as part of ensuring secure deployment.
       Invocation Syntax

       Change location to the MySQL installation directory and use this
       invocation syntax:

           shell> bin/mysql_install_db --datadir=path/to/datadir [other_options]

       The --datadir option is mandatory.  mysql_install_db creates the data
       directory, which must not already exist:

       o   If the data directory does already exist, you are performing an
           upgrade operation (not an install operation) and should run
           mysql_upgrade, not mysql_install_db. See mysql_upgrade(1).

       o   If the data directory does not exist but mysql_install_db fails,
           you must remove any partially created data directory before running
           mysql_install_db again.

       Because the MySQL server, mysqld, must access the data directory when
       it runs later, you should either run mysql_install_db from the same
       system account used for running mysqld, or run it as root and specify
       the --user option to indicate the user name that mysqld runs under. It
       might be necessary to specify other options such as --basedir if
       mysql_install_db does not use the correct location for the installation
       directory. For example:

           shell> bin/mysql_install_db --user=mysql \
                    --basedir=/opt/mysql/mysql \
                    --datadir=/opt/mysql/mysql/data

           Note
           After mysql_install_db sets up the InnoDB system tablespace,
           changes to some tablespace characteristics require setting up a
           whole new instance. This includes the file name of the first file
           in the system tablespace and the number of undo logs. If you do not
           want to use the default values, make sure that the settings for the
           innodb_data_file_path and innodb_log_file_size configuration
           parameters are in place in the MySQL configuration file before
           running mysql_install_db. Also make sure to specify as necessary
           other parameters that affect the creation and location of InnoDB
           files, such as innodb_data_home_dir and innodb_log_group_home_dir.

           If those options are in your configuration file but that file is
           not in a location that MySQL reads by default, specify the file
           location using the --defaults-extra-file option when you run
           mysql_install_db.

           Note
           If you have set a custom TMPDIR environment variable when
           performing the installation, and the specified directory is not
           accessible, mysql_install_db may fail. If so, unset TMPDIR or set
           TMPDIR to point to the system temporary directory (usually /tmp).
       Administrative Account Creation

       mysql_install_db creates an administrative account named
       'root'@'localhost' by default.

       mysql_install_db provides options that enable you to control several
       aspects of the administrative account:

       o   To change the user or host parts of the account name, use
           --login-path, or --admin-user and --admin-host.

       o   --insecure suppresses generation of a random password.

       o   --admin-auth-plugin specifies the authentication plugin.

       o   --admin-require-ssl specifies whether the account must use SSL
           connections.

       For more information, see the descriptions of those options.

       mysql_install_db assigns mysql.user system table rows a nonempty plugin
       column value to set the authentication plugin. The default value is
       mysql_native_password. The value can be changed using the
       --admin-auth-plugin option.  Default my.cnf File

       mysql_install_db creates no default my.cnf file.

           Note
           As of MySQL 5.7.18, my-default.cnf is no longer included in or
           installed by distribution packages.

       With one exception, the settings in the default option file are
       commented and have no effect. The exception is that the file sets the
       sql_mode system variable to NO_ENGINE_SUBSTITUTION,STRICT_TRANS_TABLES.
       This setting produces a server configuration that results in errors
       rather than warnings for bad data in operations that modify
       transactional tables. See Section 5.1.10, "Server SQL Modes".  Command
       Options

       mysql_install_db supports the following options, which can be specified
       on the command line or in the [mysql_install_db] group of an option
       file. For information about option files used by MySQL programs, see
       Section 4.2.2.2, "Using Option Files".

       o   --help, -?  Display a help message and exit.

       o   --admin-auth-plugin=plugin_name The authentication plugin to use
           for the administrative account. The default is
           mysql_native_password.

       o   --admin-host=host_name The host part to use for the adminstrative
           account name. The default is localhost. This option is ignored if
           --login-path is also specified.

       o   --admin-require-ssl Whether to require SSL for the administrative
           account. The default is not to require it. With this option
           enabled, the statement that mysql_install_db uses to create the
           account includes a REQUIRE SSL clause. As a result, the
           administrative account must use secure connections when connecting
           to the server.

       o   --admin-user=user_name The user part to use for the adminstrative
           account name. The default is root. This option is ignored if
           --login-path is also specified.

       o   --basedir=dir_name The path to the MySQL installation directory.

       o   --builddir=dir_name For use with --srcdir and out-of-source builds.
           Set this to the location of the directory where the built files
           reside.

       o   --datadir=dir_name The path to the MySQL data directory. Only the
           last component of the path name is created if it does not exist;
           the parent directory must already exist or an error occurs.

               Note
               The --datadir option is mandatory and the data directory must
               not already exist.

       o   --defaults This option causes mysql_install_db to invoke mysqld in
           such a way that it reads option files from the default locations.
           If given as --no-defaults, and --defaults-file or
           --defaults-extra-file is not also specified, mysql_install_db
           passes --no-defaults to mysqld, to prevent option files from being
           read. This may help if program startup fails due to reading unknown
           options from an option file.

       o   --defaults-extra-file=file_name Read this option file after the
           global option file but (on Unix) before the user option file. If
           the file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error
           occurs.  file_name is interpreted relative to the current directory
           if given as a relative path name rather than a full path name.

           This option is passed by mysql_install_db to mysqld.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --defaults-file=file_name Use only the given option file. If the
           file does not exist or is otherwise inaccessible, an error occurs.
           file_name is interpreted relative to the current directory if given
           as a relative path name rather than a full path name.

           This option is passed by mysql_install_db to mysqld.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --extra-sql-file=file_name, -f file_name This option names a file
           containing additional SQL statements to be executed after the
           standard bootstrapping statements. Accepted statement syntax in the
           file is like that of the mysql command-line client, including
           support for multiple-line C-style comments and delimiter handling
           to enable definition of stored programs.

       o   --insecure Do not generate a random password for the adminstrative
           account.

           If --insecure is not given, it is necessary after mysql_install_db
           has been run to start the server, connect using the administrative
           account with the password written to the .mysql_secret file, and
           specify a new administrative password. Until this is done, the
           administrative account cannot be used for anything else. To change
           the password, you can use the SET PASSWORD statement (for example,
           with the mysql or mysqladmin client). After resetting the password,
           remove the .mysql_secret file; otherwise, if you run
           mysql_secure_installation, that command may see the file and expire
           the root password again as part of ensuring secure deployment.

       o   --lc-messages=name The locale to use for error messages. The
           default is en_US. The argument is converted to a language name and
           combined with the value of --lc-messages-dir to produce the
           location for the error message file. See Section 10.12, "Setting
           the Error Message Language".

       o   --lc-messages-dir=dir_name The directory where error messages are
           located. The value is used together with the value of --lc-messages
           to produce the location for the error message file. See
           Section 10.12, "Setting the Error Message Language".

       o   --login-file=file_name The file from which to read the login path
           if the --login-path=file_name option is specified. The default file
           is .mylogin.cnf.

       o   --login-path=name Read options from the named login path in the
           .mylogin.cnf login path file. The default login path is client. (To
           read a different file, use the --login-file=name option.) A "login
           path" is an option group containing options that specify which
           MySQL server to connect to and which account to authenticate as. To
           create or modify a login path file, use the mysql_config_editor
           utility. See mysql_config_editor(1).

           If the --login-path option is specified, the user, host, and
           password values are taken from the login path and used to create
           the administrative account. The password must be defined in the
           login path or an error occurs, unless the --insecure option is also
           specified. In addition, with --login-path, any --admin-host and
           --admin-user options are ignored.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --mysqld-file=file_name The path name of the mysqld binary to
           execute. The option value must be an absolute path name or an error
           occurs.

           If this option is not given, mysql_install_db searches for mysqld
           in these locations:

           o   In the bin directory under the --basedir option value, if that
               option was given.

           o   In the bin directory under the --srcdir option value, if that
               option was given.

           o   In the bin directory under the --builddir option value, if that
               option was given.

           o   In the local directory and in the bin and sbin directories
               under the local directory.

           o   In /usr/bin, /usr/sbin, /usr/local/bin, /usr/local/sbin,
               /opt/local/bin, /opt/local/sbin.

       o   --no-defaults For behavior of this option, see the description of
           --defaults.

           For additional information about this and other option-file
           options, see Section 4.2.2.3, "Command-Line Options that Affect
           Option-File Handling".

       o   --random-password-file=file_name The path name of the file in which
           to write the randomly generated password for the administrative
           account. The option value must be an absolute path name or an error
           occurs. The default is $HOME/.mysql_secret.

       o   --skip-sys-schema mysql_install_db installs the sys schema. The
           --skip-sys-schema option suppresses this behavior.

       o   --srcdir=dir_name For internal use. This option specifies the
           directory under which mysql_install_db looks for support files such
           as the error message file and the file for populating the help
           tables.

       o   --user=user_name, -u user_name The system (login) user name to use
           for running mysqld. Files and directories created by mysqld are
           owned by this user. You must be the system root user to use this
           option. By default, mysqld runs using your current login name;
           files and directories that it creates are owned by you.

       o   --verbose, -v Verbose mode. Print more information about what the
           program does. You can use this option to see the mysqld command
           that mysql_install_db invokes to start the server in bootstrap
           mode.

       o   --version, -V Display version information and exit.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 1997, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
       modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
       published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
       but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
       MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
       General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
       with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
       51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see
       http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

SEE ALSO
       For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which
       may already be installed locally and which is also available online at
       http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.

AUTHOR
       Oracle Corporation (http://dev.mysql.com/).

MySQL 5.7                         12/10/2020               MYSQL_INSTALL_DB(1)
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