GFTODVI(1) General Commands Manual GFTODVI(1)
gftodvi - make proof sheets from generic font files
gftodvi [-overflow-label-offset=real] [-verbose] gf_file_name
This manual page is not meant to be exhaustive. The complete documen-
tation for this version of TeX can be found in the info file or manual
Web2C: A TeX implementation.
The gftodvi program converts a generic font (gf) file output by, for
example, mf(1), to a device independent (DVI) file (that can then be
typeset using the same software that has already been written for TeX).
The characters in the gf file will appear one per page, with labels,
titles, and annotations as specified in Appendix H (Hardcopy Proofs) of
gftodvi uses other fonts in addition to the main gf file. A `gray'
font is used to typeset the pixels that actually make up the character.
(We wouldn't want all the pixels to be simply black, since then labels,
key points, and other information would be lost.) A `title' font is
used for the information at the top of the page. A `label' font is used
for the labels on key points of the figure. A `slant' font is used to
typeset diagonal lines, which otherwise have to be simulated using hor-
izontal and vertical rules. The default gray, title, and label fonts
are gray, cmr8, and cmtt10, respectively; there is no default slant
To change the default fonts, you can give special commands in your
Metafont source file, or you can change the fonts online. An online
dialog ensues if you end the gf_file_name with a `/'. For example,
Special font substitution: grayfont black
OK; any more? grayfontarea /home/art/don/
OK; any more? slantfont /home/fonts/slantimagen6
OK; any more? <RET>
will use /home/art/don/black as the `gray' font and /home/fonts/slan-
timagen6 as the `slant' font (this name indicates a font for lines with
slope 1/6 at the resolution of an Imagen printer).
The gf_file_name on the command line must be complete. Because the
resolution is part of the extension, it would not make sense to append
a default extension as is done with TeX or DVI-reading software. The
output file name uses the same root as the gf file, with the .dvi
extension added. For example, the input file cmr10.2602gf would become
The argument to -overflow-label-offset specifies the distance from the
right edge of the character bounding box at which the overflow equa-
tions (if any) are typeset. The value is given in TeX points. The
default is a little over two inches.
Without the -verbose option, gftodvi operates silently. With it, a
banner and progress report are printed on stdout.
gftodvi looks for gf_file_name using the environment variable GFFONTS.
If that is not set, it uses the variable TEXFONTS. If that is not set,
it uses the system default.
See tex(1) for the details of the searching.
The default fonts.
The Metafont sources.
Donald E. Knuth, The Metafontbook (Volume C of Computers and Typeset-
ting), Addison-Wesley, 1986, ISBN 0-201-13445-4.
Donald E. Knuth et al., Metafontware.
Donald E. Knuth wrote the program. It was published as part of the
Metafontware technical report, available from the TeX Users Group.
Paul Richards ported it to Unix.
Web2C 2015 20 April 2007 GFTODVI(1)
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